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Présentation du Cercle
Il y a maintenant plus de quinze ans, à l’heure où la politique du franc fort ne laissait de place à aucune alternative, le débat économique manquait cruellement.
Vînt alors l’idée de regrouper des économistes afin d’organiser un débat ouvert, accessible au plus grand nombre et conciliant réalisme politique, faits et rigueur des analyses. Voilà comment naquit le Cercle des économistes.
Le Cercle est aujourd’hui un acteur majeur du débat économique français, composé de 30 membres, tous universitaires qui ont exercé ou qui exercent des fonctions privées ou publiques.

Le Cercle des économistes
Nouvelle adresse postale
16, rue Jean Mermoz
75008 Paris

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Biographies 2007

Philippe AGHION Michel AGLIETTA Léo APOTHEKER
Mohammed ARKOUN Jacques ATTALI Gilles BENOIST
François BOURGUIGNON Guy CANIVET René CARRON
Afif CHELBI Michel CICUREL Soumaïla CISSÉ
Sergio COFFERATI Frank E. DANGEARD Jacques-Henri DAVID
Thierry de LONGUEMAR Christophe de MARGERIE Augustin de ROMANET
Jean-Charles DESCUBES Alain DININ Gilles _ DURANTON
Bruno ÉTIENNE Simon John EVENETT Joschka FISCHER
Jean-Paul FITOUSSI Jeff FRIEDEN Francis FUKUYAMA
Pierre GADONNEIX Jean-Marie GUÉHENNO Angel GURRÍA
Peter HALL Philippe HERZOG Frédéric Yves JENNY
Paul L JOSKOW Eric LABAYE Bruno LAFOND
Christine LAGARDE Pascal LAMY Anne LAUVERGEON
Roberto LAVAGNA Claude LAZARUS Eric LE BOULCH
Philippe LEMOINE Philippe LI Pedro LICHTINGER
LIN Yixiang Didier LOMBARD Eric LOMBARD
Dalia MARIN Sir Callum Mc CARTHY Philippe MELLIER
Gérard MESTRALLET Axel MILLER Mario MONTI
Damien NEVEN Christian NOYER Erik ORSENNA
Jean-Claude PAYE Marc PENA Edmund S. PHELPS
Didier PORACCHIA Catherine PRIETO Raghuram RAJAN
Wanda RAPACZYNSKI Pierre RAOUL DUVAL David M. RUBENSTEIN
Guy RYDER Stéphane SALORD Myron S. SCHOLES
Andrei SHLEIFER Carlos SIMONSEN LEAL Alain-Gérard SLAMA
Peter SLOTERDIJK Georges TERRIER Jean-François THÉODORE
Michel TILMANT Ted TOKUCHI Jean-Claude TRICHET
Hubert VEDRINE Serge VILLEPELET Immanuel WALLERSTEIN
Rémy WEBER Serge WEINBERG Yoshinori YOKOYAMA
Ernest ZEDILLO Lionel ZINSOU


- Philippe AGHION
Harvard University Retour vers le haut de la page

Prof. Philippe Aghion is Robert C. Waggoner Professor of Economics at Harvard University, Program Director in Industrial Organization at CEPR, and Fellow at NBER and IFS. He is one of the most prolific and influential economists of his generation. He focuses much of his attention on the relationship between economic growth and policy.

By focusing explicitly on innovations as a main source of economic growth, this approach opens the door to a deeper understanding of how organizations, competition policy, education, savings and the financial system, and macroeconomic policy both affect and are affected by growth, through how these interact with local entrepreneurs’ incentives to either innovate or to imitate the frontier technologies. In the process of trying to link growth and organizations, Prof. Aghion has also contributed to the field of contract theory and corporate governance. His work concentrates on the question of how to allocate authority and control rights within a firm, or between entrepreneurs and investors.

In addition to his academic research, Prof. Aghion has been associated with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) since 1990. He is also managing editor of the journal The Economics of Transition, which he launched in 1992.

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- Michel AGLIETTA
Université de Paris X Nanterre Retour vers le haut de la page

Ancien élève de l’école Polytechnique (1961), et de l’école nationale de la Statistique et des Études économiques (ENSAE, 1964), Research fellow au département d’Economie de l’Université de Harvard et de la Harvard Business School (octobre 1970-mars 1972). Docteur d’État en sciences économiques (1974).
Administrateur de l’INSEE de 1964 à 1970, puis de 1972 à 1975, c’est en 1976 qu’il rejoint l’université. Professeur de sciences économiques à l’Université d’Amiens (1976-1982). Professeur r d’économie à l’Université de Paris X Nanterre de 1982 à 2006. Professeur émérite depuis septembre 2006.
Conseiller scientifique au CEPII depuis 1980, consultant à la Direction générale des Services étrangers de la Banque de France de 1989 à 1998, il est également Consultant chez Groupama Asset Management. Visiting fellow au Département recherche de la Federal Reserve Bank de New York (février à juillet 1995), il a reçu le prix de l"Economiste de l’Année" décerné par le Nouvel Economiste en juin 1995 et le prix européen du livre d’économie en février 2005.
Membre du Conseil d’Analyse Economique auprès du Premier ministre (19972003).
Membre du cercle des Economistes de 1998 à 2006
Membre senior de l’Institut Universitaire de France de 2000 à 2005

Principaux ouvrages depuis 2000 :
" Désordres dans le capitalisme mondial " avec Laurent Berrebi, Odile Jacob, 2007
" La Chine vers la superpuissance ", Economica, 2007
" Corporate Governance adrift " avec Antoine Réberioux, Edward Elgar, 2005.
" Macroéconomie financière " collection Repères, La Découverte, 4th ed. entièrement refondue, 2 volumes, 2005.
" Les dérives du capitalisme financier " avec Antoine Réberioux, Albin Michel, 2004
" La monnaie entre violence et confiance " avec A. Orléan, Odile Jacob, 2002.
" Le FMI, de l’ordre monétaires aux désordres financiers " avec S. Moatti, Economica, 2000.

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- Léo APOTHEKER
SAP AG Executive Board Retour vers le haut de la page

Léo Apotheker has been a member of the SAP AG Executive Board and President of Global Customer Solutions & Operations since 2002.
He was appointed Deputy CEO during March, 2007 when a new Executive Council was formed. In his role, he is responsible for all of SAP’s customer operations including consulting, education and training, sales, marketing, SME, and field services. Since joining SAP in 1988, Léo Apotheker has held other various positions within the company including President of SAP EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) from 1999 to 2002. Prior to that role he was CEO and founder of SAP France and SAP Belgium (1995-1997) and President of SAP’s South West Europe region (1997-1999).

During his career, Léo Apotheker has held management positions at a variety of companies in the IT industry. From 1994 to 1995, he was management partner at ABP Partners ; a strategic management consulting company specialized in global strategy definition and implementation and in restructuring of ailing software companies.

Before joining ABP partners, he served as founding president and COO of ECsoft (1992-1994), one of the largest European venture capital startups. He also held positions at McCormack & Dodge Europe and Swift.

German-born and fluent in five languages (Dutch, English, French, German, and Hebrew), Léo Apotheker graduated in International Relations and Economics from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. He is also a member of the Supervisory Boards for AXA and for Schneider Electric.
In January 2007, Léo Apotheker was promoted to Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur.

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- Mohammed ARKOUN
Professeur émérite à la Sorbonne Nouvelle Retour vers le haut de la page

Né à TAOURIRT-MIMOUN, Grande Kabylie, Algérie ;
Études primaires à Taourirt-Mimoun ; Études secondaires à Oran ; Études supérieures à la Faculté des Lettres d’Alger ; puis à la Sorbonne, Paris ; Agrégé de langue et littérature arabes, Paris 1956 ; Prof. Strasbourg (1956-1959) ; Maître-Assistant, puis professeur à la Sorbonne (1961-1991).

Fellow au Wissenschaftkolleg, Berlin 1986-87 et 1990 ; Fellow à Institute for Advanced Studies, Princeton 1992-93 ; Visiting Professor aux Universités : U.C.L.A., Los Angeles 1969 ; Louvain-La-Neuve 1977-1979 ; Institut Pontifical d’ Études Arabes, Rome ; Princeton 1985 ; Temple University, Philadelphia 1988-90 ; Amsterdam 1991-1993 ; New York University Mars-Avril 2001. Gifford Lectures, Edinburgh University Novembre 2001.

Conseiller scientifique à la Librairie du Congrès 2000-2003 ; Membre du Jury du Prix Aga Khan d’Architecture (1995-1998) ; Membre du Haut Conseil de la famille et de la population (Paris 1995-98) ; Membre du Comité National d’Ethique pour les sciences de la vie et de la santé (1990-98) ; Prix Lévi Della Vida, Von Grunebaum Center for Near Eastern Studies 2001. Docteur Honoris Causa de l’Université d’Exeter ; Gifford Lectures Edinburg University 2001-02.

Actuellement : Professeur émérite d’histoire de la pensée islamique à la Sorbonne Nouvelle ; Directeur d’ARABICA. Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies ; directeur du Centre civique d’étude du fait religieux, Montreuil (France). Professeur émérite à la Sorbonne Nouvelle ; Directeur scientifique de la revue ARABICA, (Brill, Leiden). Conférencier international.
Décorations : - Commandeur de la Légion d’honneur ; - Officier des Palmes académiques.

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- Jacques ATTALI
President of PlaNet Finance Retour vers le haut de la page

Professor, writer, Honorary Member of the Council of State, Special Adviser to the President of the Republic from 1981 to 1991, founder and first President of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in London from 1991 to 1993, Jacques Attali (www.attali.com) is currently CEO of A&A, an international consulting firm (www.aeta.net) specialised in new technologies, based in Paris, and President of PlaNet Finance (www.planetfinance.org), an international non-profit organisation assisting microfinance institutions all over the world.

He founded Action Contre la Faim in 1980 and the European programme Eurêka (a major European programme on new technologies that invented, among other things, the MP3). In, 1989, he also launched an international programme of action against the disastrous floods in Bangladesh. Jacques Attali then advised the Secretary General of the United Nations on the risks of nuclear proliferation. He is at the origin of the higher education reform, known as LMD, to bring all European degrees into line. Jacques Attali has a doctorate in Economics and is a graduate of the ÉcolePolytechnique (first in the class of 1963), the École des Mines, the Institut d’ Études Politiques and the École Nationale de l’Administration. He taught Economic Theoryat the École Polytechnique, the École des Ponts et Chaussées and the University of Paris-Dauphine. He has received honorary doctorates from several foreign universities and is a member of the Universal Academy of Cultures.

Jacques Attali is an editorialist for the magazine L’Express. He has written forty books, translated into more than twenty languages, with over six million copies sold all over the world, including essays (dealing with a wide variety of subjects ranging from mathematical economics, to music), biographies, novels, children’s tales and plays.

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- Gilles BENOIST
Chairman of BNP Assurances Retour vers le haut de la page

Born the 12th of December 1946
Graduate of Institut d’ Études Politiques - Paris (Political Science Institute)
Graduate of École Nationale d’Administration - "Simone Weil" year (French Senior Civil-Service Training Institute).

Public auditor at the Cour des Comptes, French Audit Office (1983-1987) ; General Secretary of Credit Local de France, Member of the Management Board and Advisor to the Director of the Local Development Department of Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations (1987-1991) ; Director of Federal Support Services of Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations (1991-1993) ; Corporate Secretary and Human Resources Director (1993-1998).

Conseiller Maître à la Cour des Comptes, French General Accounting Office (December 1996).

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- François BOURGUIGNON
Chief Economist and Senior Vice President, Development Economics, World Bank Retour vers le haut de la page

Francois Bourguignon is internationally recognized as an intellectual leader in the economics of public policy, inequality and economic growth and development. He also has considerable practical experience of the World Bank and its interactions with developing countries and other partners. He became Chief Economist and Senior Vice-President, Development Economics, on October 6, 2003.

Bourguignon was previously Director of the Development Research Group, a part of the Development Economics Vice Presidency, and managing editor of the World Bank Economic Review. He has served as an advisor to many developing countries, the OECD, the United Nations, and the European Commission. Since1985 he has been Professor of Economics at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris, where he founded and directed the DELTA research unit in theoretical and applied economics. He has held academic positions with the University of Chile, Santiago, and the University of Toronto. He is also a Fellow of the Econometric Society.

Bourguignon has authored and edited several books as well as numerous articles in leading international journals in economics.

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- Guy CANIVET
Chief Justice (First President) of the Cour de Cassation Retour vers le haut de la page

Guy Canivet is the Chief Justice (First President) of the Cour de Cassation (the highest French civil court)
Chief Justice Canivet is a graduate of the University of Dijon, where he received his BA in 1968 and a postgraduate degree in civil and criminal law in 1969. He was first appointed to the Bench of the Trial Court of Chartres in 1972. After serving as the Secretary-General of the Paris Court of First Instance from 1977 to 1983, he was a Judge of this Court until 1986 when he was elevated to the Court of Appeal of Paris. In 1994, he was appointed a Justice of the Cour de Cassation and in 1996, because of his widely recognised administrative talents, was asked to preside over the Court of Appeal of Paris - France’s most important and busy court. In July 1999, he returned to the Cour de Cassation as its youngest ever First President. If he serves his full term, he will also be the longest serving President of France’s top civil court.

Chief Justice Canivet is an Honorary Bencher of Gray’s Inn, a member of numerous professional organizations, including the French Committee of Private International Law and the French Society of Comparative Law of which he has served as President since 2000. He is an Honorary Professor of Law at the University of Paris V (where he lectures as often as his judicial duties permit) and has published many articles on comparative law, competition law and securities law.

Chief Justice Canivet’s term as President of the Cour de Cassation has been marked by many and welcome innovations including a simplification and streamlining of the appeals process and the introduction of the use of foreign law in the Reports of the Avocats Généraux and the Conseillers Rapporteurs, which help guide the court in reaching its final decision. For his services to law, President Canivet has received high decorations from Presidents Mitterand and Chirac in both the Ordre de Mérite and the Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur.

Chief Justice Canivet was instrumental in setting up the annual secondment of a judge of the Cour de Cassation to the Institute of Global Law of the UCL Faculty of Laws. (This is a unique arrangement and an honour for UCL.)

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- René CARRON
Chairman of Crédit Agricole S.A. Retour vers le haut de la page

René Carron was born in 1942, in Savoy, France.
A farmer by profession, he was President of the Savoy Chamber of Agriculture from 1983 to 1992.
In 1981 René Carron joined the Crédit Agricole Group as Chairman of the Yenne Local Bank.
In April 1992, he was appointed Chairman of the Crédit Agricole Regional Bank de la Savoie which became - after its merger in 1994 with the Regional Bank de Haute Savoie - the Regional Bank des Savoie of which René Carron remains Chairman. As of 1995 he took on greater responsibilities within national bodies. In 1995 he joined the Board of Fédération Nationale du Crédit Agricole and was its Chairman from July 2000 until April 2003.

In 1999, he was appointed to Crédit Agricole S.A.’s Board, of which he became Chairman in December 2002. Former Mayor of Yenne, René Carron has been Yenne District Councillor. Aditionnally, he was member of the Savoy District Council Standing Committee and Vice-President of the Savoy District Council from 1995 to 1998.

Mr Carron also presided over the "Savoie 92" Association in charge of promoting the Savoy region during the lead-up to the Olympic Games in Albertville.

From 2000 to 2003, René Carron was member of the Economic and Social Council. Amongst other responsibilities, Mr Carron also sits on Suez’s Board of Directors and on Lagardère SCA’s Supervisory Board. He chairs the FARM foundation (Fondation pour l’Agriculture et la Ruralité dans le Monde). Additionally, the readers of the French daily La Tribune elected René Carron the "Best Strategist for 2003".

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- Afif CHELBI
Ministre de l’Industrie, de l’Energie et des Petites et Moyennes Entreprises, Tunisie Retour vers le haut de la page

École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures - Paris 1978 - Ingénieur Economie
Ingénieur Général au Ministère de l’Industrie, de l’Energie et des PME
Expérience Professionnelle :
Novembre 2004 Ministre de l’Industrie, de l’Énergie et des Petites et Moyennes Entreprises 12/2001 - Directeur Général, International Maghreb Merchant Bank - 11/2004 IMBank 2000 - 2001 Responsable National, Euro Tunisie Entreprise – ÉTÉ 1992 - 1998 Directeur Général, Centre Technique du Textile – CETTEX 1990 - 1992 Directeur de l’Evaluation des projets, Banque Tuniso Qatarie d’Investissement - BTQI 1987 - 1990 Directeur de la Maîtrise de Technologie et des Mutations Industrielles, Ministère de l’Economie Nationale 1986 - 1987 Chef du Centre d’Étude et d’Ingénierie, École Nationale d’Ingénieur de Tunis - ENIT 1981 - 1986 Chef de Service, Sous Directeur puis Directeur des Études et Directeur Général Adjoint, Agence de Promotion de l’Industrie - API

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- Michel CICUREL
Chairman of the Executive Board, La Compagnie Financière Edmond de Rothschild Bank Retour vers le haut de la page

Born September 5, 1947 in Cannes (France)
Education
Graduate from the " Institut d’ Études Politiques ", Paris, 1969 Master of Economics, Faculté de Droit, Paris, 1970Graduate from the "École Nationale d’Administration", Paris, 1973

Experience
1979-82 Principal head advisor of secretary of the Treasury Department
1983-89 Deputy General Manager Compagnie Bancaire, Paris
1984-89 General Manager Cortal Bank, Paris
1989-91 CEO Galbani Danone, Milan (Italy)
1991-98 Vice-chairman, CEO Cerus, Paris
1999 Chairman of the Executive Board, La Compagnie Financière Edmond de Rothschild Bank, Paris
1999 Chairman of the Executive Board, Compagnie Financière Saint-Honoré, Paris

Assistant lecturer Institut d’ Études Politiques, Paris - 1973-1974 Assistant lecturer Polytechnic, Paris - 1975-1979 Chairman Economic Think Tank of Conseil National du Patronat Français 1993-1994

Member of the Board : Société Générale (listed company), Publicis (listed company), Bouygues Telecom

Publications
" La France quand même " (1983)
" Une Economie mondiale - in collaboration - " (1986)
" La Génération inoxydable " (1989)

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- Soumaïla CISSÉ
President of the Commission of Union Economique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine (UEMOA) Retour vers le haut de la page

Date and Place of Birth : December 20, 1949 in Tombouctou (Mali) - Married, four children.

Present Function
President of the Commission of the West African Monetary Union Union Economique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine (UEMOA) based in Ouagdougou (Burkina Faso) www.uemoa.int.

Prior Functions
1993-2002 : Member of Government : Minister of Finances and Trade ( 7 years), Minister of Equipment, Management of Territory, Environment, and Urban Planning ( 2 years)
1992-1993 Secretary General of the Presidency of the Republic of Mali
1984-1992 : Various stations of responsibilities of which General Manager of ACI, Agence de Cessions Immobilières (Mali)
1980-1984 : Ingénieur en informatique chez IBM, CEBAL-Pechiney, AIR INTER, THOMSON France

Summary of Qualifications
Diplôme d’Ingénieur en Informatique et en Gestion, Institut des Sciences de l’Ingénieur de Montpellier en France. Maîtrise Méthodes Informatiques Appliquées à la Gestion, MIAGE France

Honors
Diploma of recognition given by the Association of Malian Economic Operators Knight of the National Order of Mali Officer of the National Order of Mali Commander of the National Order of Mali

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- Sergio COFFERATI
Mayor of Bologna Retour vers le haut de la page

Sergio Cofferati was born in Sesto e Uniti, in the Province of Cremona in 1948. He has been a member of the Cnel (National Council for Economics and Labour) and was named Officer of the Legion of Honour, France’s highest award, in July 2001. Moreover, he was awarded the Bernardo O’Higgins decoration, the highest honour granted by the Chilean Republic to a foreign citizen.

After having completed his studies, he started working for Milan’s Pirelli Bicocca company as an employee. He then became member of Filcea, the chemical workers union of the CGIL, and started a career that would bring him to the organisation’s top leadership positions. A member of the national secretariat of CGIL since 1990, he was appointed Secretary General on June 29, 1994.

On September 21, 2002, Sergio Cofferati left CGIL and went back to Pirelli, working for the department of Social and Environmental Studies, where he was in charge of Corporate Social Responsibility. Until January 8, 2004, he was President of the Giuseppe Di Vittorio Foundation, which carries out research in the fields of historiography, economics, science and culture. Sergio Cofferati was elected Mayor of Bologna in June 2004, supported by a coalition of 8 parties (Democratici di sinistra, Riformisti per Bologna, which includes Margherita and Sdi, Rifondazione Comunista, Verdi, Lista Società civile Di Pietro-Occhetto, Comunisti Italiani, Udeur) and a total of 85 associations, movements and committees of the city of Bologna.

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- Frank E. DANGEARD
President of Club des Trente Retour vers le haut de la page

Frank E. Dangeard was appointed Chairman & CEO of Thomson in September 2004.From September 2002 to September 2004, he was Senior Executive Vice President of France Telecom. Mr. Dangeard joined Thomson in April 1997 as Senior Executive Vice President and was appointed Vice-Chairman of the Board of Directors in July 2001. From September 1989 to April 1997, he was Managing Director of SG Warburg & Co. Ltd (later SBC Warburg) and from 1995, he was also Chairman of the Board of SBC Warburg (France). From September 1986 to June 1989, he was a lawyer at Sullivan & Cromwell in New York and London.

Mr. Dangeard is a board member of the French Electricity Company "Electricite de France" (EDF), of the investment bank Calyon (Credit Agricole) and of Symantec Corp. He graduated from the École des Hautes Études Commerciales, the Paris Institut d’ Études Politiques and from Harvard Law School. He is a member of the New York Bar.

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- Jacques-Henri DAVID
CEO of Deutsche Bank AG in France Retour vers le haut de la page

Born in October 1943, Jacques-Henri David is Inspecteur des Finances. A graduateof École Polytechnique and Institut d’ Études Politiques de Paris, he was appointed as French Minister of Finances ’ Chief of staff (1980-1981), before joining the Executive Committee of Banque de France (1982-1984). In 1984, he joined the Saint-Gobain Group as Chief Financial Officer, then Chief Executive Officer. From 1989 to 1992, he took the position of Chairman of Banque Stern (a French Investment Banking subsidiary of Swiss Bank corp.). Then, from 1993 to 1996, he was Chief Executive Officer of Compagnie Générale des Eaux (now Vivendi), and from 1996 to August 1999, Jacques-Henri David was Chairman of the executive board of Banque du Développement des PME (the French State owned bank dedicated to SMEs).

Since September 1999, he has been appointed CEO of Deutsche Bank ag in France and he is also Vice Chairman of the Global Banking division of the DB AG group.

Jacques-Henri David is a non-Executive Director of Saint-Gobain Corporation (USA) and UGC (France)

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- Thierry de LONGUEMAR
Vice President of Finance of the African Development Bank Retour vers le haut de la page

Formally an officer in the French Navy, Thierry de Longuemar started his career in the oil industry working five years for TOTAL. A graduate of E.S.S.E.C. Paris, he then joined the finance industry in 1985 working in various banks including Compagnie Bancaire, CIC Group and Banque de Gestion Privée (Crédit Agricole Group) in their capital market activities. He became Group Treasurer of the African Development Bank in 1996 and thereafter in 2001 joined ABN AMRO London as Global Head of Central Banks and Supranationals.

He joined the Asian Development Bank as Treasurer in May 2002, then rejoined the African Development Bank, as Vice President of Finance on June 1st, 2004.

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- Christophe de MARGERIE
Chief Executive Officer of Total and Chairman of the Executive Committee of Total Retour vers le haut de la page

Christophe de Margerie is a graduate of the École Supérieure de Commerce, Paris. Born in 1951, he joined Total’s finance division in 1974 initially in the budget department and then as finance manager for the exploration and production subsidiaries before being appointed Group Treasurer in 1987. In May of 1990 he joined Total’s Trading and Middle East division where he was, successively Finance Director, then Vice-President for the Middle East, then President, Middle East before becoming Senior Vice-President for that division in March 1992 at which time he was appointed a member of Total’s Management Committee.

In June 1995 he was appointed President of Exploration and Production for TotalFina, and in March 2000 after the merger with Elf, he was appointed Senior Vice-President of Exploration and Production. In January 2002, he became President of Exploration and Production for TotalFinaElf (which became Total on May 6, 2003). He has been a member of Total’s Executive Committee since May 1999 and Director of the Group since May 2006.

Christophe de Margerie is Chief Executive Officer of Total and Chairman of the Executive Committee since February 14, 2007.

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- Augustin de ROMANET
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Caisse des Dépôt Retour vers le haut de la page

Augustin de Romanet was appointed today Chief Executive Officer of Caisse des Dépôts during the Council of Ministers by decree of the President of the French Republic.
Augustin de Romanet, who was born in 1961, is a graduate of the Paris Institute of Political Science and an alumnus of the École Nationale d’Administration (1986 - promotion Denis Diderot). Mr de Romanet began his career in the French civil service, in the Budget Directorate of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance. In 1990, he was appointed Financial attaché at the French Permanent Representation to the European Union at Brussels.

In 1995, Mr de Romanet was appointed chief of staff to François d’Aubert, the French State Secretary responsible for the Budget, then budgetary advisor to Alain Lamassoure, Minister of the Budget, and also special advisor to Jean Arthuis, Minister of the Economy, Finance and Industry.

He joined the investment firm Oddo et Cie as Director in 1999 and was managing partner at Oddo Pinatton Corporate from 2000 to 2002. In May 2002, Mr de Romanet became chief of staff to Alain Lambert, Minister responsible for the Budget and Budget Reform, and deputy chief of staff to Francis Mer, Minister of the Economy, Finance and Industry. From April to September 2004, he was chief of staff to Jean-Louis Borloo, Minister of Employment, Labour and Social Cohesion. In September 2004, he was named deputy chief of staff to Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin. In June 2005, Mr de Romanet served as Deputy Secretary-General to the French Presidence.
In 2006, Augustin de Romanet was appointed Deputy Director, Finance and Strategy, at Crédit Agricole S.A. and member of the Executive Committee.
Mr de Romanet is married and has three children.

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- Jean-Charles DESCUBES
Archbishop of Rouen Retour vers le haut de la page

Né le 7 février 1940 à Tonnay-Charente.
Études primaires au Petit Lycée Pierre Loti de Rochefort-sur-Mer, secondaires au Lycée catholique Fénelon de La Rochelle, supérieures à l’Institut supérieur de Philosophie et à la Faculté de Théologie de l’Université catholique de l’Ouest à Angers, puis à l’École pratique des Hautes Études de Paris. Titulaire d’une licence de philosophie scolastique et d’une licence en théologie. Tout en exerçant divers ministères pastoraux à La Rochelle, il enseigne la théologie dogmatique et la théologie fondamentale à la Faculté de Théologie d’Angers, y crée le Centre de Recherche des Eglises de l’Ouest dont il dirige les publications (19721997). Il est nommé évêque d’Agen le 13 décembre 1996 puis archevêque de Rouen, primat de Normandie, le 25 mars 2004.

Au sein de la Conférence des Evêques de France, il est élu président du Conseil pour les questions familiales et sociales (Commission sociale de l’Episcopat) qui publie sous son autorité : Repères pour une économie mondialisée (2005), Quand des médias dévoilent l’intime (2006) et l’édition française du Compendium de la Doctrine sociale de l’Eglise (2006).

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- Alain DININ
Chairman and CEO of Nexity Retour vers le haut de la page

Chairman and CEO of Nexity since 28 September 2004.
Chairman of Nexity’s Executive Board since January 2003
Vice-Chairman and Managing Director of Nexity from 2000 to 2002.
Board member of École Supérieure de Commerce de Lille since 1998.
Chairman and Managing Director of Groupe George V since 1997.
Board member and Managing Director of CGIS (Compagnie Générale d’Immobilier et de Services) since 1996.
Board member and Managing Director of Groupe George V from 1989 to 1997.
Director of Groupe George V from 1979 to 1989.
Graduate of École Supérieure de Commerce de Lille (1974).

Decorations :
Chevalier de l’Ordre National du Mérite Chevalier de l’Ordre de la Légion d’Honneur

About Nexity :
As well as being France’s leading developer of residential, office, commercial and business property, Nexity is a player of reference in the field of property services. Nexity has a unique nationwide presence with 78 regional branch offices, and is also present in six other European countries - Belgium, Spain, Italy, Poland, Portugal and the Czech Republic.

Its combination of activities makes Nexity the only private French property player currently able to offer comprehensive solutions covering the entire needs chain for private individuals, companies and institutional investors.

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- Gilles DURANTON
University of Toronto Retour vers le haut de la page

Gilles Duranton is professor of economics and holds the Noranda chair in International Trade and Development in the Department of Economics at the University of Toronto.

A graduate from HEC Paris and Sorbonne University, he obtained his PhD in economics jointly from the London School of Economics and the École des Hautes Études en Science Sociale in Paris.

His research focuses on regional and urban issues. His empirical work is concerned with the measurement of location and concentration, the estimation of the `urban premium’ and the identification of spatial externalities. He is also interested in the evaluation of local policies and the effects of transportation infrastructure on urban development. He also conducts theoretical research to gain insight about the distribution of city sizes and patterns of activities in cities. He serves on the editorial board of several academic journals and is a fellow of the Centre for Economic Policy Research. He also worked as consultant on regional and urban policy for various national governments and international organisations.

A Philip-Leverhulme Prize winner in 2003 and a Lösch Prize winner in 2006, his recent publications include :
"Urban Evolutions : The Fast, the Slow, and the Still", American Economic Review, 2007, 97 (1), 197-221
"Labour Pooling, Labour Poaching and Spatial Clustering", Regional Science and Urban Economics, 2006, 36(1), 1-28(with Pierre- Philippe Combes)
"Testing for Localisation Using Micro-Geographic Data", Review of Economic Studies, 2005, 72(4), 1077-1106(with Henry Overman)
"From Sectoral to Functional Urban Specialisation", Journal of Urban Economics, 57(2), 343-370(with Diego Puga)
"The Micro-foundations of Urban Agglomeration Economies", Lead chapter in Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Henderson And Thisse (eds), 2004, North-Holland (with Diego Puga)

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- Bruno ÉTIENNE
Institut d’études politiques Aix-en-Provence Retour vers le haut de la page
Bruno Étienne est un sociologue et politologue français né en 1937 à Aix-en-Provence. Il est spécialiste des questions de religions et notamment de l’islam.

Diplômé de l’Institut d’études politiques d’Aix-en-Provence et agrégé de sciences-politiques, Bruno Étienne a été chercheur au Caire, enseignant aux universités d’Alger, de Casablanca et de Birzeit.

Professeur à l’Institut d’études politiques d’Aix-en-Provence, il est le fondateur etdirecteur jusqu’en 2006 de l’Observatoire du Religieux. Bruno Étienne est membre de l’Institut universitaire de France.

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- Simon John EVENETT
University of St. Gallen Retour vers le haut de la page

Simon J. Evenett is Professor of International Trade and Economic Development at the University of St. Gallen, Switzerland. In addition to his research into the determinants of interational commercial flows, Professor Evenett is particularly interested in the relationships between international trade policy, national competition law and policy, and economic development.

He obtained his Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University and a B.A.(Hons) from the University of Cambridge. Professor Evenett has been a (non-resident) Senior Fellow of the Economic Studies Programme in the Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C. Previously, he has taught at Oxford University and Rutgers University as well as serving twice as a World Bank official.

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- Joschka FISCHER
Princeton University Retour vers le haut de la page

Joschka Fischer was Minister of Foreign Affairs for the Federal Republic of Germany from 1998 to 2005. He joined Germany’s burgeoning Green party in 1982 ; upon his appointment as Hessian Minister of the Environment and Energy in 1985, he was the first German Green to assume a government post. From 1987 to 1991, Fischer served in various capacities in the Hessian State Assembly ; served from 1991 to 1994 as Hessian Minister for the Environment, Energy and Federal Affairs ; and from 1994 to1998 he was Parliamentary Spokesman for the Green party in the German Bundestag, the national parliament.

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- Jean-Paul FITOUSSI
Institut d’Études Politiques of Paris Retour vers le haut de la page

Dr. Jean-Paul Fitoussi is a Professor of Economics at the Institut d’ Études Politiques de Paris where he has taught since 1982. Currently he is President of the Scientific Council of the Institut d’ Études Politiques de Paris and President of the Observatoire Français des Conjonctures Econoniques, an institute dedicated to economic research and forecasting. Born in 1942, Dr. Fitoussi received a Ph.D. cum laude in Law and Economics from the University of Strasbourg (France). His doctoral thesis was on inflation, equilibria and unemployment. Professor Fitoussi began his academic career as a lecturer and taught at the University of Strasbourg. From1979 until 1983, he was a professor at the European University Institute in Florence, and a visiting professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1984.

Since 1998, Professor Fitoussi has been a member of the board of the École Normale Supérieure. In 1997, he became a member of the Council of Economic Analysis of the Prime Minister while, in 1996, he was appointed member of the Economic Commission of the Nation. He has been General Secretary of the International Economic Association, since 1984. Since 2000, he has been an expert at the European Parliament, Commission of Monetary and Economic Affairs. From 1990 until 1993, Dr. Fitoussi was the Chairman of the Economic Advisory Board of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Professor Fitoussi’s editorial activities are Managing Editor of the Revue et Lettre de I’OFCE.

Member of the Scientific committee of Revue Française d’Economie.
Member of the Editorial Board of Labour and The International Journal of Development Planning Literature.
Member of the Scientific Committee of the International Labour Review, and member of the Scientific Committee of Critique Internationale.

Dr. Fitoussi has contributed regularly to French and foreign newspapers and is columnist for La Repubblica and Le Monde. His research has focused on the theories of inflation, unemployment, foreign trade and the role of macro- economic policies. As President of the OFCE, and founder and member of an International Economic Policy Group within this institution (composed by Anthony Atkinson, Olivier Blanchard, John Flemmig, Edmond Malinvaud, Edmund Phelps and Robert Solow), he has made numerous written contributions to the current economic policy debate, notably on issues of European economic integration, and the economics of transition.
He has published several books, among which :
Modern macroeconomic theory, Basil Blackwell : Oxford 1983.
The slump in Europe (with Edmund S. Phelps), Basil Blackwell : Oxford 1988.
Il dibattito proibito, Il Mulino, 1997.
Il dittatore benevolo, Il Mulino, 2003.
La democrazia e il mercato, Feltrinelli, 2004.

Dr. Fitoussi was awarded the Prize of the Association Française de Sciences Economiques, and the Rossi Prize of the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques. He has received distinctions, including Honorary Dean of the Faculty of Economy of Strasbourg, Doctor Honoris Causa from the University of Buenos Aires, Professor onorario of the University of Trento, and decorations of Officier de l’Ordre National du Mérite and Chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur in his own nation.

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- Jeff FRIEDEN
Harvard University Retour vers le haut de la page

Jeffry Frieden is Stanfield Professor of International Peace at Harvard University. He specializes in the politics of international monetary and financial relations.

Frieden is the author of Global Capitalism : Its Fall and Rise in the Twentieth Century (2006) ; Debt, Development, and Democracy : Modern Political Economy and Latin America, 1965-1985 (1991) ; and of Banking on the World : The Politics of American International Finance (1987).

Frieden is the co-editor (with Ernesto Stein) of The Currency Game : Exchange Rate Politics in Latin America (2001) ; (with Barry Eichengreen) of The Political Economy of European Monetary Unification (2000), and of Forging an Integrated Europe (1998) ; (with David Lake) of International Political Economy : Perspectives on Global Power and Wealth (2000) ; (with Manuel Pastor and Michael Tomz) of Modern Political Economy and Latin America : Theory and Policy (2000) ; (with Erik Jones and Francisco Torres) of Joining Europe’s Monetary Club : The Challenges for Smaller Member States (1998) ; (with Daniel Gros and Erik Jones) of The New Political Economy of EMU (1998) ; (with Barry Eichengreen and Jürgen von Hagen) of Monetary and Fiscal Policy in an Integrated Europe (1995) and of Politics and Institutions in an Integrated Europe (1995).

His articles on the politics of international economic issues have appeared in a wide variety of scholarly and general-interest publications.

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- Francis FUKUYAMA
Johns Hopkins University Retour vers le haut de la page

Francis Fukuyama is Bernard L. Schwartz Professor of International Political Economy at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) of Johns Hopkins University, and the director of SAIS’ International Development program. He is also chairman of the editorial board of a new magazine, The American Interest.

Dr. Fukuyama has written widely on issues relating to questions concerning political and economic development. His book, The End of History and the Last Man, was published by Free Press in 1992 and has appeared in over twenty foreign editions. It made the bestseller lists in the United States, France, Japan, and Chile, and has been awarded the Los Angeles Times’ Book Critics Award in the Current Interest category, as well as the Premio Capri for the Italian edition. He is also the author of Trust : The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity (1995), The Great Disruption : Human Nature and the Reconstitution of Social Order (1999), Our Posthuman Future : Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution (2002, and State-Building : Governance and World Order in the 21st Century, (2004). His most recent book America at the Crossroads : Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy has just been published by Yale University Press in March 2006.

Francis Fukuyama was born on October 27, 1952, in Chicago. He received his B.A. from Cornell University in classics, and his Ph.D. from Harvard in Political Science. He was a member of the Political Science Department of the RAND Corporation from 19791980, then again from 1983-89, and from 1995-96. In 1981-82 and in 1989 he was a member of the Policy Planning Staff of the US Department of State, the first time as a regular member specializing in Middle East affairs, and then as Deputy Director for European political-military affairs. In 1981-82 he was also a member of the US delegation to the Egyptian-Israeli talks on Palestinian autonomy. From 1996-2000 he was Omer L. and Nancy Hirst Professor of Public Policy at the School of Public Policy at George Mason University.

Dr. Fukuyama was a member of the President’s Council on Bioethics from 2001-2005. He holds an honorary doctorate from Connecticut College and Doane College, and is a member of advisory boards for the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), the Journal of Democracy, and The New America Foundation, and FINCA. As an NED board member, he is responsible for oversight of the Endowment’s Middle East programs. He is married to Laura Holmgren and has three children.

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- Pierre GADONNEIX
Chairman and CEO of EDF Retour vers le haut de la page

Pierre GADONNEIX, EDF’s Chairman and CEO since 15 September 2004, has steered and committed the Group, one of the leaders in the European Energy market, to an industrial plan for profitable growth, mainly in Europe.

From 1996 to 2004, Pierre GADONNEIX was Chairman and CEO of the Gaz de France group, after joining the company as CEO nine years earlier in 1987. He was reappointed Chairman and CEO in 1999.

Pierre GADONNEIX, who has a Doctorate in Business Economics from the Harvard Business School, is a graduate of the École Polytechnique (1962) and of the École Nationale Supérieure du Pétrole et des Moteurs, and has a degree in Economics. An experienced businessman, Pierre GADONNEIX has spent the major part of his career in industry. From 1978 to 1987, Pierre GADONNEIX was Director of Metallurgical, Engineering and Electrical Industries at the Ministry of Industry, where he contributed to the restructuring of the French steel industry.

In 1976, Pierre GADONNEIX was appointed as technical advisor to the Minister of Industry and Research. Before that, he worked as Director of the Institut de Développement Industriel (IDI), the leading French investment trust specializing in SME’s. He joined the institute in 1972, as project manager, later becoming department manager. In 1969, Pierre GADONNEIX set up a computer service company, called SEFI, employing around fifty engineers. He managed the business for two years until its takeover by a major industrial group in 1972. Pierre GADONNEIX began his career in 1966 with the Elf Aquitaine Group, as an engineer in the Computing Department, and then at the Commercial Division of Aquitaine Organico.

Besides this, Pierre GADONNEIX has other international responsibilities in the energy sector. In 2006, he was elected Chairman of the World Energy Council which brings together the principal players of this sector in the world, for a three year term from 2007 to 2010.

Pierre GADONNEIX is a member of the Conseil Économique et Social (Economic and Social Council) and he is a member of the Board of the Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques (National Foundation of Political Science). Born in New York on 10th January 1943, he is married with three children.

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- Jean-Marie GUÉHENNO
Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Retour vers le haut de la page

Secretary-General Kofi Annan has appointed Mr. Jean-Marie Guéhenno as Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations effective 1 October 2000.

Mr. Guéhenno has a vast experience in the field of diplomacy, defense and international relations as well as in administration and management. He spent a part of his career in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of France.
member of the policy planning staff (1979-1981) ;
head of cultural affairs of the French Embassy in the United States (1982-1986) ;
Director of the policy planning staff (1989-1993) ;
Ambassador to the Western European Union (1993-1995).

Mr. Guéhenno was a member of the Commission responsible for the White Paper on Defense (1994), and has been the chairman of the Institut des Hautes Études de défense nationale since 1998. He has also been a member of the UN Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament matters since 1999.

Mr. Guéhenno was educated at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. He became a member of the Court des Comptes (The French Audit Office) after his graduation from ENA in 1976. He worked in the section of the Court that audits the Ministry of Defense until his appointment as the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations.

Mr. Guéhenno is Chevalier de la légion d’honneur and commandeur de l’ordre du mérite allemand.

Mr. Guéhenno has contributed numerous articles on international affairs and is the Author of The End of the Nation-State (1993).

Born in October 1949, Mr. Guéhenno is married and has one daughter.

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- Angel GURRÍA
OECD Secretary-General Retour vers le haut de la page

Born on May 8th, 1950, in Tampico, Mexico, Angel Gurría comes to the OECD following a distinguished career in public service, including two ministerial posts.

As minister of foreign affairs from December 1994 to January 1998, he made dialogue and consensus-building one of the hallmarks of his approach to global issues. As Mexico’s minister of finance and public credit from January 1998 to December 2000, he steered Mexico’s economy through a change of Administration without a repetition of the crises that had dogged previous such changes. Mr. Gurría developed a close relationship with the OECD, overseeing the initial years of Mexico’s membership and chairing the OECD’s Ministerial Council Meeting in 1999. Previously, he was part of the team that negotiated Mexico’s admission to OECD. Mr. Gurría holds a B.A. degree in Economics from UNAM (Mexico), and a M.A. degree in Economics from Leeds University (United Kingdom).

He served as Mexico’s Permanent Representative to the International Coffee Organisation, based in London, from 1976 to 1978, and held various roles in the financial area of Mexico’s Federal Electricity Commission, National Development Bank (Nafinsa), Rural Development Fund, and the Office of the Mayor of Mexico City. Following a 14-year tenure at Mexico’s Finance Ministry from 1978 to 1992, he became President and CEO of Mexico’s export-import bank (Bancomext) in 1992. In 1993, Mr. Gurría was appointed President and CEO of Mexico’s national development bank (Nacional Financiera), specialised in supporting small and medium-sized enterprises.

He is married to Dr. Lulu Quintana, one of Mexico’s leading ophthalmologists. They have three adult children.

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- Peter HALL
Harvard University Retour vers le haut de la page

After degress in economics and political science at the University of Toronto and Balliol College, Oxford, Professor Hall completed his doctorate in 1982 at Harvard University, where he is currently the Krupp Foundation Professor of European Studies. He is also Co-Director of the Successful Societies Program of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research and was Director of the Minda de Gunzburg Centre for European Studies at Harvard from 2001-05.

Professor Hall’s publications include seven books and more than seventy articles on comparative political economy, European politics and economic policy-making. His recent works include La France en Mutation (edited with P. Culpepper and B. Palier), Varieties of Capitalism (edited with D. Soskice) and Successful Societies (edited with M. Lamont). His research focuses on the contributions institutions make to economic performance and policy-making and he is currently engaged in a study of institutional change in the political economies of Europe over the past fifty years.

Hall has received many awards for his work, including the Woodrow Wilson award for the best book published in political science in 1986, the Luebbert award for the best article in comparative politics, the Alexander George award for studies in methodology, and the Feldman award for contributions to the study of public policy. He has been a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford as well as the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin and a visiting scholar at the London School of Economics, the Centre de Sociologie des Organisations in Paris, the Instituto Juan March in Madrid and the Wissenschaftszentrum, Berlin. He has served as the Associate Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at Harvard, Chair of the ACLS-SSRC Committee on Western Europe and President of the Comparative Politics section of the American Political Science Association. He serves on the advisory boards of the European Research Institute in Birmingham, Sciences Po, and the Max-Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in Cologne.

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- Philippe HERZOG
Chairman of the Association Confrontations Europe Retour vers le haut de la page

Former member of the European Parliament, Philippe Herzog is chairman of the association Confrontations Europe since 1992. Graduate of the École Polytechnique, he started his career as administrator of the national institute of statistics and information about the economy (INSEE). Coauthor of the firt french model of economic forecasting, (ZOGOL, 1965), professor of economic sciences, he has taught at the University of ParisX- Nanterre. Member of the Economic Analysis Council (CAE) to the French Prime Minister since its creation in 1997, he wrote many reports, among which " The building of new social relations in Europe " and "Towards an european economic policy". He delivers regular contributions to the Figaro-Économie.

European deputy from 1989 to 1999 and from 2000 to 2004, Philippe Herzog has chaired the Committee on economic external relations, and vice-chaired the Committee on economic and monetary affairs and the EU-USA delegation. He was Rapporteur on the Commission Green Book on services of General Interest.

Publications
" Prévisions économiques et comptabilité nationale ", PUE, 1968.
" Politique économique et planification ", Editions sociales, 1971.
" Changer l’économie, Editions sociales ", 1977.
" L ’Economie à bras le corps ", Messidor, 1982 et1984.
" Un chemin pour sortir de la crise ", Messidor, 1985.
" La France peut se ressaisir ", Messidor, 1987.
" Europe 92 : construire autrement autre chose ", Messidor, 1989.
" La société au pouvoir ", Ed. Julliard, 1994.
" La participation des citoyens et des acteurs sociaux au système institutionnel européen ", Rapport Parlement européen, 1996.
" Reconstruire un pouvoir politique ", Ed. La Découverte, 1997.
" Après l’euro, construire les relations sociales européennes ", Rapport pour le Ministre des Affaires européennes, 1998.
" Manifeste pour une démocratie européenne ", Ed. de l’Atelier, 1999.
" L’Europe après l’Europe ", Ed. De Boeck Université, 2002.
" Services d’Intérêt Général dans un espace plurinational concurrentiel ", Fondation Saint-Gobain, 2003.
" L’avenir des Services d’Intérêt Général en Europe ", Rapport Parlement européen, 2004.

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- Frédéric Yves JENNY
Conseiller en Service Extraordinaire, Cour de Cassation Retour vers le haut de la page

Education
1977 Doctorat d’Etat en Sciences Economiques, Université de Paris II 1975 Ph.D in economics, Harvard University 1971 Master in economics, Harvard University 1966 E.S.S.E.C. Business School

Positions in French Government and Judiciary
Since September 2004 : Conseiller en Service Extraordinaire, Cour de Cassation 1993- 2004 : Vice Président, Conseil de la concurrence 1986-1993 : Rapporteur Général, Conseil de la concurrence 1984-1985 : Rapporteur Général, Commission de la concurrence 1978-1984 : Rapporteur, Commission de la concurrence

Academic Positions
From 2006 : Visiting Professor, University College London1972 to date : Professor of Economics (ESSEC Business School) 2005 to date : Visiting Professor University College (London) 1991 : Visiting lecturer, University of Capetown, (Afrique du Sud)1984 : Visiting Professor, Keio University (Tokyo, Japan) 1983 : Visiting Professor, Wuhan University ( China) 1978 : Visiting Professor, Northwestern University (United States)

Other Positions
From April 2007, Non Executive Director, Office of Fair Trading, United Kingdom. From April 1997 to December 2003 : Chairman, WTO Working Group on Trade and Competition Policy. Since 1994 : Chairman, OECD Competition Law and Policy Committee. Since 2003 : Member of the " Conseil Scientifique de la Mission Recherche Droit et Justice ", French Ministry of Justice. From June 1990 to June 1996 : Member of the "Conseil Scientifique de l’Evaluation des Politiques Publiques". 1988-1990 : Chairman of the Working Group " Formation des prix et fonctionnement des marchés dans les économies des pays en transition" (Mission Stoleru, Secrétariat d’Etat au Plan). 1982-1986 : Member of the Advisory Committee of INSEE ( National Institute of Statistics).

Selected Publications
"The State Aid Action Plan : A Bold Move or a Timid Step in the Right Direction ?", Competition Policy International, Vol 2 N°2, Automn 2006
"Cartels and Collusion in Developing Countries : Lessons from Empirical Evidence", World Competition Law and Economic Review, 29(1) : 109-137,2006, Mars 2006
"Competition Policy, Economic Development and the Possible Role of a Multilateral Framework on Competition : Insights from the WTO Working Group on Trade and Competition Policy" ( with R. Anderson), in "Competition Policy in East Asia ( Erlinda Medalla ed, Routledge/Curzon, 2005)
"Modernization of the European system of competition law enforcement : lessons for other regional groupings", ( with P. Horna), in "Competition Provisions in Regional Trade Agreements : How to Assure Development Gains", UNCTAD Décembre 2005
"Technological changes and competition among collecting societies for music rights : Is the enforcement of the EU law sufficient " ? European Institute , Florence, 2005
"Design and Implementation of Merger Remedies in High-Technology Industries", in Merger Remedies in American and European Union Competition Law, F. Lévèque and Howard Shelanski editors, Edward Elgar, 2004
"Competition Law and Policy : Global Governance Issues", World Competition Law and Economics Review, Vol 26, N°4, December 2003
"International Cooperation on Competition : Myth, Reality and Perspective", Antitrust Bulletin vol XLVIII, 4/Winter 2003
"Competition, Trade and Development before and after Cancun", Chapter 26, International Antitrust Law and Policy 2003, Corporate Law Institute, Fordham University School of Law,

Distinctions
Officer, Ordre de la Légion d’Honneur Officer, Ordre National du Mérite

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- Paul L. JOSKOW
MIT Retour vers le haut de la page

Paul L. Joskow is Elizabeth and James Killian Professor of Economics and Management at MIT and Director of the MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research.

He received a BA from Cornell University in 1968 and a PhD in Economics from Yale University in 1972. Professor Joskow joined the MIT faculty in 1972 and was the Head of the MIT Department of Economics from 1994-1998. At MIT he is engaged in teaching and research in the areas of industrial organization, energy and environmental economics, competition policy, and government regulation of industry. He has authored or co-authored six books and published over 125 articles on these subjects. Professor Joskow is a Fellow of the Econometric Society, a Distinguished Fellow of the Industrial Organization Society, and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Professor Joskow has served on the U.S. EPA’s Acid Rain Advisory Committee, on the Environmental Economics Committee of the EPA’s Science Advisory Board, and on the National Commission on Energy Policy. He is a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Institut d’Economie Industrielle (Toulouse, France) and the Scientific Advisory Board of the Conservation Law Foundation. Professor Joskow serves or has served on several corporate and non-profit boards including those of National Grid plc, TransCanada Corporation, New England Electric System, State Farm Indemnity Company, and the Whitehead Institute of Biomedical Research. He is a member of the Board of Overseers of the Boston Symphony Orchestra.

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- Eric LABAYE
Director at McKinsey & Company Retour vers le haut de la page

A Director at McKinsey & Company and a member of the Shareholders’ Council, Mr. Labaye is the Manager of the French Office since March 2002. As a leader of McKinsey’s worldwide Telecommunications and High Tech practices, he works extensively for clients in these industries as well as in other industries on a variety of strategic and operational issues. In the 1990’s, he spent seven years in the New York Office.

In addition to his client work, Mr. Labaye has conducted several research projects with the McKinsey Global Institute, such as "Reaching higher productivity growth in France and Germany" in October 2002, "How France can win from offshoring of services" published in June 2005 and "Reinvigorating industry in France" in October 2006. He is also leading McKinsey research projects on "The development of global leaders based in Europe".

Mr Labaye, a member of the French Economic Council of the Nation since October 2005, is also involved in the educational and cultural fields where he contributes to several development initiatives.

Prior to joining McKinsey in 1985, Mr. Labaye was a member of the Corps des Télécommunications at France Telecom. He holds a bachelor’s degree in engineering and applied science from École Polytechnique, a master’s degree in electronic engineering from École Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications, and an MBA with distinction (Henry Ford II award) from INSEAD.

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- Bruno LAFOND
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Lafarge Retour vers le haut de la page

Bruno Lafont (born in 1956) is a graduate of the Hautes Études Commerciales leading business school (HEC 1977, Paris) and the École Nationale d’Administration (ENA 1982, Paris).

He started his career in the Group at Lafarge in 1983. Until 1990, he held several positions, especially in Finance and international development, based in France and Germany.

From 1990 to 1994 he was Vice President for Lafarge’s Cement and Aggregates & Concrete operation in Turkey and the Eastern Mediterranean zone.

In 1994, he was appointed Group Executive Vice President, Finance, joining the Group’s Executive Committee. He was responsible for setting up EVA, a system to measure value creation based on return on capital employed. He actively developed relations with shareholders, setting up and running the Shareholders’ Consultative Committee.

In 1998, he was appointed Executive Vice President of the Gypsum business and successfully orchestrated its international expansion. Under his responsibility this business saw its sales double and its geographical presence expand from 12 to 25 countries.

In May 2003, Bruno Lafont joined the Group’s Direction Générale as Chief Operating Officer. He had joint responsibility for the Cement business and oversaw the Group’s activities Aggregates and concrete. He accelerated Cement development in Asia, notably via a joint venture with Shui On in China and identified the importance of innovation as a key factor of market differentiation and added value in concrete.
Under his leadership, Lafarge set about redefining the Group’s vision and reformulating its principles of action by rallying its 80,000 employees around the same priorities.

Bruno Lafont was appointed as a Member of the Group’s Board of Directors on May 25, 2005
On January 1, 2006, he became Chief Executive Officer, subsequently launching the "Excellence 2008" strategic plan in June 2006, to ensure sustainable leadership for the Group. 2006 saw two major strategic operations : the buyout of minority interests in Lafarge North America and the sale of the Roofing business.
In May 2007, Bruno Lafont was appointed Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Group.

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- Christine LAGARDE
Ministre de l’Economie, des Finances et de l’Emploi Retour vers le haut de la page

Christine Lagarde est née le 1er janvier 1956 à Paris.

Cursus
Diplôme de la Holton Arms School à Bethesda (États-Unis)
Diplôme d’études supérieures spécialisées (DESS) de droit social, université Paris X-Nanterre
Institut d’études politiques (IEP) de Paris

Carrière
Avocate à la cour d’appel de Paris
Cabinet Baker & McKenzie à Chicago (États-Unis) : présidente du comité exécutif, de1999 à 2004 ; du comité stratégique mondial, depuis 2004 ; membre du comité exécutif, en 1995 ; avocate associée gérante, en 1991

Fonctions ministérielles
Ministre de l’Agriculture et de la Pêche, de mai à juin 2007
Ministre déléguée au Commerce extérieur, de 2005 à 2007

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- Pascal LAMY
Director-General of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) Retour vers le haut de la page

Mr. Pascal Lamy is Director-General of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) since September 2005.

Mr. Lamy holds degrees from the Paris based École des Hautes Commerciales (EHC), from the Institut d’Études Politiques (IEP) and from the École Nationale d’Administration (ENA). He began his career in the French civil service at the Inspection Générale des finances and at the Treasury. He then became an advisor to the Finance Minister Jacques Delors, and subsequently to Prime Minister Pierre Mauroy.

In Brussels from 1985 to 1994, Pascal Lamy was Chief of staff for the President of the European Commission, Jacques Delors, and his representative as Sherpa in the G7.

In November 1994, he joined the team in charge of rescuing the French bank, Credit Lyonnais, and later became CEO of the bank until its privatisation in 1999.

Between 1999 and 2004, Pascal Lamy was Commissioner for Trade at the European Commission under Romano Prodi. After his tenure in Brussels, Pascal Lamy spent a short sabbatical period as President of "Notre Europe", a think tank working on European integration, as associate Professor at the l’Institut d’études politiques in Paris and as advisor to Poul Nyrup Rasmussen (President of the European Socialist Party).

Mr. Lamy successfully ran his campaign for the post of WTO Director-General and was appointed by WTO Members in May 2005.

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- Anne LAUVERGEON
CEO of AREVA Retour vers le haut de la page

Anne Lauvergeon, 47 years-old, is graduated from the French National School of Mining Engineer (École des Mines) and the French "École Normale Supérieure", and holds a degree of Physics. She has had a variety of positions in both private business and civil service.

From 1990 to 1995, she worked for the French Presidency, notably as Deputy Chief of its Staff and "Sherpa" to the President (in charge of the G7 Summits’ preparation).

Since June 1999, she is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of COGEMA. Since July 2001, she is CEO of AREVA

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- Roberto LAVAGNA
Former Minister of Economy and Production - Argentina Retour vers le haut de la page

Academic Background Degree in Economics (University of Buenos Aires) Postgraduate studies in Econometrics and Economics (University of Brussels) Researcher (Center for International Affairs-Harvard University)

Professional Background Candidate for the next Argentine Presidential Election to be held in October 2007.
Minister of Economy and Production (Finance) (April 2002 / November 2005)
Special and Plenipotentiary Ambassador to the International Economic Organizations (Geneva) and to the European Union (Brussels), 2000-2002.
(*) Founding member of Ecolatina 1975-2000. His partnership, managerial antechnical functions within his consulting company came to an end as off 4/14/2000.
Industry and Foreign Trade Secretary of Argentina (Minister), 1985-87.
• Chief negotiator of the agreements on the Integration of Argentina-Brazil, 1986 87.
Undersecretary of Coordination and Politics of the State Secretary of Public Works and Transport of Argentina. 1975.
(*) Chairman of the Institute of Applied Economics and Society (IdEAS), 19801990.
(*) Chairman of the Board of Directors of steel company "La Cantábrica SAMIC", 1975-76.
General Director of Income Policies, Ministry of Economy, 1973-74.
National Director of Price Policy of the Trade State Secretary, 1973-74.
(*) Private Sector activities.

Advisor and Consultant
Inter-American Development Bank, 1984-85.
Argentine Embassy to the Asociación Latinoamericana de Integración [ALADI], 1984 ; and to the European Community, 1969-70.
Energy Secretariat of Argentina, 1975.
Ministry of Economy of Argentina, 1971-72.
Labor Ministry of Argentina, 1967.
Banco Central de la República Argentina [Central Bank of the Argentine Republic], 1967-68.
Applied Research Center of the University of Buenos Aires, 1966-67.

Teaching Experience
Director of the Post Graduate Mastership in Integration Process and Mercosur,
Professor at the Universidad de Buenos Aires [Buenos Aires University],
Universidad del Salvador [Salvador University],
Institute of Economics and Social Development, IDES,
Courses in other university institutes of Argentina and abroad,
Numerous lectures in Argentina and abroad.

Publications
Books
La Argentina que merecemos, Editorial Ediciones B, 2007. Estado y Globalización. El caso argentino, (in association with Rafael Bielsa and Horacio Rosatti). Rubinzal-Culzoni Editors, 2005, Buenos Aires. Neoconservadorismo versus capitalismo competitivo, Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1999, Buenos Aires. Argentina Brasil MERCOSUR - Una decisión estratégica, Editorial Ciudad Argentina, 1997, Buenos Aires. MERCOSUR la oportunidad y el desafío, Editorial Legasa.

Numerous publications in books and technical reviews. Among them :
Article "Argentina, towards another kind of country", Diplomacia Estratégia Política, Vol.1, Number 3, Abril-Junio 2005. "Argentine : le bout du tunnel", Entretien. Politique Internationale. Nº 106, Hiver 2004-2005 Paper : "Integración y gestión de crisis financieras : Impacto sobre el caso del MERCOSUR". VI FORUM EURO-LATINOAMERCIANO, La Unión Europea, El MERCOSUR y sus socios regionales, Lisboa, 2000. "Los desafíos de la economía argentina", published in Comments, a publication of the American Chamber of Commerce, 1999.

Article "Comercio Exterior y Política Comercial en Brasil y Argentina. Una evolución comparada" José María Lladós y Samuel Pinheiro Guimaraes Editores, Seminario IPRI-Cari, Rio de Janeiro 1999. Artícle "Una visión Histórica comparada del desarrollo de Argentina y Brasil".- MERCOSUR, un Atlas Cultural, Social y Económico. Instituto Herbert Levy. Manrique Zago ediciones, 1996.

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- Claude LAZARUS
Member of the Paris Bar Council Retour vers le haut de la page

Aged 62
Graduated from HEC (1967), IEP Paris (Public Service, 1969), DES in Public Law (1969) and Political Science (1971) [Université de Paris]

Educator/Lecturer
Public law Assistant Lecturer at the University of Paris X Nanterre (1971-1987) ; also Assistant Lecturer, then Professor-Assistant of business law at ESCP (1968-1977).
Member of the Paris Bar

Lawyer since 1976 ; Member of the Paris Bar Council (since January 1, 2005). Partner of Clifford Chance Europe LLP, in charge of the European law/competition law department.
In these areas, as well as in the field of deregulation, Claude Lazarus advises and pleads before French and European authorities and jurisdictions. His main expertise deals with merger control, anticompetitive practices, and the relationship between sector regulation and competition law. Claude Lazarus has experience in the following economic sectors : telecoms, media ; sports, electricity, oil industry, environment, public works, cement, food industry and mass distribution.

In addition, Claude Lazarus was appointed in 2006 to represent the Paris Bar Council in the working group "Cerrutti/Guillaume", in charge of drafting a report to the French President in relation to the introduction in France of class actions.

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- Eric LE BOULCH
Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of CM - CIC Securities Retour vers le haut de la page

Born : the 1st June 1963
Graduate of the Institut d’ Études Politiques de Paris, economic and financial section (June 1987) Degree in Economy Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I (June 1984)

Since 18/10/2002CM - CIC Securities (previously CIC Securities) Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer 01/01/2000 to 18/10/2002CIC Securities Head of Equity & Derivatives Member of the Executive Committee 01/01/1998 to 01/01/2000CIC Securities Head of Sales in the Securities and Equity Derivatives (convertible bonds, options) department Member of the Managing Board 07/1995 to 01/01/1998 CIC Securities Head of the Equity sales department 1987 - 1995 Banque de l’Union Européenne Financial Analyst

Others :
From December 2005ESN- Partnership (LLP) - Londres Chairman of the Board
Since April 2003 ESN NORTH AMERICA -New-York - NASD Broker-Dealer Chairman of the Board
Since 2004AFEI (French Association of Investment Firms) Board Member

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- Philippe LEMOINE
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of LaSer Retour vers le haut de la page

Philippe Lemoine is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of LaSer, the leading European company in "customer relationship & intermediation services". At the same time he studies and analyses the economic and social transformations brought about by information technology. He endeavours to develop new forms of innovation and action geared to the issues of the new economy. Within the framework of LaSer, this opportunity involving the challenges of the future led him to set up Echangeur, a centre for sharing and innovation, the crossroads of "Internet thinking" for many company managers who, through meetings on this site, have been able to discern the issues of new technologies in the transformation of their businesses. Encouraged by the success of its Paris site, an acknowledged "incubator of business strategies and a trailblazer for public debate", Echangeur has set up a network of "Echangeur" centres which now exist in eight French regions.

In addition to his responsibilities as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, he also got involved in issues surrounding public debate. The "Modernité On-Off" discussion cycle held at the Théâtre du Rond-Point is part of the "Modernité" initiative undertaken almost four years ago with the goal of propelling France towards a new, desirable vision of the future. Through research, debates and meetings, it aims to give ideological debates a new image and raise pertinent questions about the profound transformations of the very idea of modernity in the 21st century. On top of this, the cycle strives to call upon all the players of the future and spur them into action.

LaSer considers itself to be in harmony with this vision of modernity, and does not view this concept as simply the intelligent use of new technologies. The group hopes to "positively contribute to society", giving today’s progressive world something concrete. Through the Action Modernités forum of which he is chairman, Philippe Lemoine hopes to make companies, organisations, labour unions, NGOs and politicians aware of these issues.

Within this sphere, Philippe Lemoine manages a series of publications - the Cahiers LaSer - designed to enrich and help structure debate on the issues arising from interaction between technology, trade and society.

Before moving to the private sector, Philippe Lemoine pursued the same interest in the public sector, building a bridge between analysis and action.

A graduate from Institut d’ Études Politiques de Paris (public service), a law graduate who passed the competitive examination in civil law and holder of an advanced degree in economics, he started out as a researcher. While continuingsociological studies at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, the social sciences school, he also worked as an engineer at INRIA (French national institute for research in computer science and control).

In 1976, he was appointed to the Ministry of Industry (IT Taskforce) to manage the Computerization of Society project. In this capacity he helped draft the Nora-Minc report. He subsequently joined the office of Mr Norbert Segard until the latter’s death, when he joined the office of Mr Pierre Aigrain (for whom he produced a report on Technology and Society). He also headed the French delegation to the OECD’s ICCP Committee meetings in 1976 and 1980.

In 1981, Philippe Lemoine was appointed Government Commissioner to the CNIL (French data protection authority). In 1982, he took charge of the "Technology, Employment, Labour" motivational programme, becoming Vice-Chairman of its National Committee under Laurent Fabius, Minister of Research. In 1983, Prime Minister Pierre Mauroy commissioned him to draft a report on information technologies. He was also one of the rapporteurs of the Prospective 2005 report to the Commissariat Général du Plan, the French planning office. At the end of 1984, Philippe Lemoine went to work with the Galeries Lafayette Group. There, he contributed to its growth and its reorganisation into four core businesses : Galeries Lafayette, Monoprix, BHV and LaSer. In 1998, he was appointed Co-Chairman of the Group’s Board of Directors, serving until May 2005.

In January 2000, at the Prime Minister’s proposal, he was appointed expert member of the CNIL.

Philippe Lemoine is also a member of the Boards of Directors of La Poste - for which he is also chairman of the audit committee- Gaz de France, Rexecode and the French-American Foundation. He is also chairman of the FING, co-trustee of Gencod and chairman of MEDEF’s "Electronic economy" committee.

List of main functions and mandates
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of LaSer
Chairman of the Board of Directors of COFINOGA
Vice-Chairman of the BHV Supervisory Board
Chairman of the Board of Directors of Sygma Banque
Board Member of Monoprix SA
Board Member of Cetelem

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- Philippe LI
Kim & Chang Retour vers le haut de la page

Philippe Li holds a degree in Law (Maitrise & DEA droit prive) from Pantheon-Sorbonne University in Paris and became a lawyer (admitted to Paris Bar) in 1988.

He started his career in DS Avocats law offices in Paris in 1989 and is still a member of that firm. Then, he moved to Korea and joined the law offices of Kim, Shin & Yu in Seoul from 1991 until 1996 and DW Partners from 1996 until 2002. Since 2002, Mr. Li has been working at Kim & Chang, the largest law firm in Korea, where he heads the French practice group.

Philippe Li is the President of the French-Korean Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Korea since 2005. He is also Advisor to the French Government for Foreign Trade (Conseiller du Commerce Exterieur), member of the Foreign Advisory Council (FIAC) of Seoul Metropolitan Government, and member of the Supervisory Board of EU Center, (established in Korea by the European Commission, Seoul National University and KIEP). He was also awarded the title of Knight of the French National Merit Order (Chevalier de l’Ordre National du Merite) in 2006.

Mr. Li has published numerous articles and gave many interviews in legal and economic publications both in France and Korea (including Le Figaro, Les Echos, La Tribune, Chosun Ilbo, Donga Ilbo, Korea Economic Daily...) and is the author of two books : "Guide des Affaires en Corée du Sud" published in France in 2000 by the Centre Français du Commerce Extérieur and "It is time for Europe" published in Korea in 2006 by Kyobo Book Centre. He is presently working on a third book : " Guide de l’implantation en Corée du Sud" in cooperation with the Economic Department of the French Embassy in Korea. The book will be published by Ubifrance in 2007.

Mr. Li speaks fluently French, English and Korean.

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- Pedro LICHTINGER
Vice President of Pfizer Inc Retour vers le haut de la page

Pedro Lichtinger a Vice President of Pfizer Inc since October 2000 is Pfizer’s newly appointed President European Pharmaceutical Operations. In addition, Mr. Lichtinger is a member of the Pfizer Latino Leadership Council, a group he chaired in 2004, and has been elected by as the 2006 Tri-State United Way Campaign Chair.

Formerly the President of Pfizer Animal Health, Pedro Lichtinger has over twentyfive years experience in the animal health industry in the United States, Latin America and Europe. Prior to his appointment as president, Mr. Lichtinger served in a variety of management positions within the animal health divisions of Pfizer and SmithKline Beecham. His positions included : area president of the European region ; country manager Brazil ; international business development director ; vice president, southern Europe ; and senior vice president, Europe.

A native of Mexico, Mr. Lichtinger received an engineering degree from the National University of Mexico in 1976, and an MBA degree from the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School of Business in 1978. In November 2005, he began his term as president of the International Federation for Animal Health, the global animal health industry association. Lichtinger is a member of the Board of Directors of The Resource Foundation, a non-profit organization focused on stimulating the development of Latin America ; a member of the Board of Governors of the Boys and Girls Clubs of America (BGCA) and chair of BGCA’s Hispanic outreach initiative ; and a member of Mayor Bloomberg’s New York City Latin Media & Entertainment Commission. In the fall of 2005, he joined the board of the Brazil Foundation, an organization that generates resources for programs that promote social change in Brazil, and was named to the Board of Overseers of the University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine.

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- LIN Yixiang
Chairman of TX Investment Consulting Co., Ltd. Retour vers le haut de la page

Education
1989, Ph.D., Economics, University of Paris-X, France ?1985, M.A., Economics, University of Grenoble-II, France ?1983, B.A., Economics, Peking University, China

Other Training
1994, International Training Institute of SEC ?1993, Training in COB, SBF-Paris Bourse and Sicovam

Work Experience
From 2002/7 TO PresentThe Securities Association of China - Vice-President
From 2001/3 TO Present TX Investment Consulting Co., Ltd. - Chairman
From 2000 TO Present Securities Analysts Association of China - President
From 1996 TO 2001/2 China Securities Co.,ltd. - Vice President

Have served consequently as the head of brokerag trading, central clearing, computer and research depar Shanghai Branch In charge of investment banking and internationa department

From 1993 TO 1996 China Securities Regulatory Commission Senior Expert from 1993 to 1994 Deputy General Manager of Research and Informat from 1994 to 1996 Head of Market Surveillance System from 1994 to 19 From 1999 TO PresentDrafting Committee for "Securities Investment Funds" Law" and many other securities regulations. Advisor

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- Didier LOMBARD
Chairman & CEO of France Telecom Retour vers le haut de la page

Born in 1942 married, 3 sons.

Mr. Lombard is a graduate of the École Polytechnique and of the École nationale supérieure des télécommunications. In 1967, Mr. Lombard began his career at the CNET of France Telecom (currently France Télécom Research & Development) where he worked on developing new products for France Telecom in relation to satellite, electronic and wireless systems. From 1988 to 1990, Mr Lombard was the Scientific and Technical Director at the Ministry of Research and Technology. From 1991 to 1998, he was General Manager of Industrial Strategy at the Ministry in charge of Economy, Finance and Industry. From 1999 to Feb. 2003, he was Deputy Ambassador for International Investments and Chairman and founder of the French Agency for International Investments.

In Feb. 2003, Mr. Lombard joined France Telecom as Senior Executive Vice President, in charge of Technologies, Strategic Partnerships and New Usages (FT 2005).

On Feb. 27, 2005, he was appointed Chairman and CEO of France Telecom. Mr Lombard is also Chairman of the Board of Orange, member of the Board of Thomson, member of the Board of Thales, member of the Supervisory Board of Radiall and member of the Supervisory Board of ST Microelectronics.

Mr. Lombard is "Officier de la Légion d’honneur" and "Commandeur dans l’Ordre National du Mérite".

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- Eric LOMBARD
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of BNP Paribas Assurance Retour vers le haut de la page

Eric Lombard, 47, is a graduate of France’s prestigious HEC Business School (class of ’81). He entered Paribas in 1981 and held various positions in the International Trade Department and in the Financial Department until 1989. He then became Advisor to the French government’s spokesman from 1989 to 1991, then Advisor to the Junior Justice Minister from 1991 to 1992 and Advisor to the Minister of Economy and Finance from 1992 to 1993.

He returned to Paribas in April 1993 when he became head of M&A for the banking and insurance sectors, head of the Financial Institutions Group and was member of this department’s Executive Committee between 1997 and 1999.

He was appointed head of BNP Paribas’ Financial Institutions Group in September 1999 and member of Corporate and Investment Banking’s General Management Committee, then head of Corporates and Financial Institutions in September 2002. He became Chief Executive Officer of BNP Paribas Assurance in 2004 and member of BNP Paribas Asset Management and Services Executive Committee.

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- Dalia MARIN
University of Munich Retour vers le haut de la page

Dalia Marin holds the Chair in International Economics at the University of Munich. She obtained her Habilitation in Economics from Vienna University of Economics in 1992 ; until 1994 she was Assistant Professor at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Vienna and Associate Professor at Humboldt University Berlin (1994-1998). She has been visiting professor at the Stern School of Business, New York University, International Monetary Fund, Stanford University, Harvard University, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, European University Institute, and the Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin.

Her research interests are in the area of international economics, corporate finance and the organization of the firm, and in emerging market economies. Her work, both theoretical and empirical, has been published in several top journals such as the American Economic Review, Economic Journal, Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of the European Economic Association, and the European Economic Review. Her book (joint with M. Schnitzer) "Contracts in Trade and Transition" was published by the MIT Press in 2002.

She is Associate Editor of the Journal of the European Economic Association, Chair of the Scientific Council of the Minerva Center in Macroeconomics and Economic Growth, Hebrew University Jerusalem, Member of the Scientific Advisory Board, Centre de Rechercha en Economia International (CREI), University Pompeu Fabra (UPF), Fellow of the International Trade and the Transition Economics Program at the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) in London, and Member of the International Trade and Organization Program of the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Cambridge. She has been Team Leader at the Russian European Center for Economic Policy in Moscow (1998-2000) and has acted as a consultant for the World Bank, Washington, for the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), London, and for the International Monetary Fund, Washington.

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- Sir Callum Mc CARTHY
Chairman of the FSA Retour vers le haut de la page
Sir Callum McCarthy became the Chairman of the FSA on 22 September 2003, having been the first energy regulator responsible for both gas and electricity as Chief Executive of Ofgem and Chairman of the Gas and Electricity Markets Authority, a post he held for five years. He is an economist and graduate of the School of Business at Stanford University (USA), where he was a Sloan Fellow. He is also a Member of the Court of Governors of the University of Greenwich and a member of the Board of Trustees of the Said Business School Foundation.

His early career was in the chemical industry and in Department of Trade and Industry where he held a number of posts including Principal Private Secretary to Roy Hattersley when he was Secretary of State for Prices and Consumer protection and to Norman Tebbit when he was Secretary of State for Trade and Industry.

In 1985 he left DTI and joined Kleinwort Benson as Director of Corporate Finance. In 1989 he joined BZW as Managing Director and Deputy Head of Corporate Finance later becoming Chief Executive Officer of Barclays Bank group operations in Japan before moving to head the Bank’s businesses in North America.

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- Philippe MELLIER
Alstom Executive Vice President & President of Alstom Transport Retour vers le haut de la page

Born in 1955, Philippe Mellier graduated as Mechanical Engineer from the ENSTA in Paris in 1979. The following year, he gained an MBA at INSEAD in Fontainebleau (France).

In 1980, he started his career at Ford Motor Company as Sales Planning & Analysis supervisor. During 19 years, he occupied various managing positions for Ford in France, Portugal, New Zealand and Mexico. He finished his career at Ford as Vice-President, Marketing, Sales & Service, Europe.
In 1999, he joined Renault as Senior Vice-President, Market Area Europe.
In 2001, he moved to the Volvo AB Company to become Chairman & CEO of Renault Trucks. In addition to this role, he became member of the Volvo Group Executive Committee.
In 2003, he became President of Alstom Transport and member of the Alstom Executive Committee.
In 2004, in addition to this role, he is appointed Executive Vice President of Alstom Group.

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- Gérard MESTRALLET
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Suez Retour vers le haut de la page

Gérard Mestrallet was born in Paris on April 1, 1949. He is graduate of ÉcolePolytechnique, École de l’Aviation Civile, Institut d’ Études Politiques (Toulouse) and trained as a senior civil servant at the École Nationale d’Administration.

Gérard Mestrallet was Civil administrator in the Treasury and Advisor on Industrial Affairs to Jacques Delors Finance Minister. In 1984 he went on to become Advisor to the Chairman of Compagnie de Suez. In 1986 he was then appointed Senior Executive Vice President in charge of Industrial Affairs.

In 1991 Gérard Mestrallet became Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Management Committee of Société Générale de Belgique, he held this position until 1995.

In July 1995 Gérard Mestrallet was appointed Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Compagnie de Suez. Gérard Mestrallet was Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Executive Board of Suez Lyonnaise des Eaux until May 4 2001when he was appointed Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Suez.

Gérard Mestrallet is :
Chairman of the Board of : Suez-Environnement, Electrabel, Suez-Tractebel, Suez Energy Services, Paris-Europlace
Director of the Board of Saint-Gobain, École Polytechnique and Pargesa S.A.
Member of the Supervisory Board of AXA.
Advisor to the Mayor of the Shanghaï,
Member of the Chief Executive of Hong Kong’s Council of Advisors,
Advisor to the Mayor of Seoul,
Member of the European Round Table of Industrialists
Advisor to the Mayor of Chongqing

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- Axel MILLER
CEO of the Dexia Group Retour vers le haut de la page

On 1 January 2006, Axel Miller succeeded Pierre Richard as CEO of the Dexia Group.

Axel Miller studied Law at the Free University of Brussels, obtaining his Degree in Law in June 1987. He registered at the bar in 1991 and became a partner of the firm Stibbe Simont Monahan Duhot in January 1996.

In May 1999, Axel Miller decided to join the law firm Clifford Chance and became a partner. There he remained for two years, until May 2001. At that time, the Dexia Group offered him to join as a member of the Group Executive Committee, in charge of Legal and Fiscal Affairs and Audit (General Counsel). He joined the Management Board of Dexia Bank in January 2002 and became its Chairman in January 2003.

Axel Miller is also a Director of several Dexia Group companies, of Crédit du Nord, of LVI Holding (Carmeuse Group) and of the Belgium Entreprises Federation.

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- Mario MONTI
President of Bocconi University Retour vers le haut de la page

Mario Monti is president of Bocconi University, Milan, international advisor to Goldman Sachs and member of the Research Advisory Council of the Goldman Sachs Global Market Institute. He is also chairman of Bruegel, the Brussels-based European think-tank on international economics.

Mario Monti served for ten years as member of the European Commission, in charge first of the Internal Market, Financial Services and Taxation (1995-1999) and then of Competition (1999-2004). Prior to joining the Commission, he was professor of Economics at Bocconi and then Rector.

He contributes regularly to the Corriere della Sera. He is a member of the Senior European Advisory Council of Moody’s, of the Board of Directors of the Institute for International Economics in Washington, D.C., of the Steering Committee of the Bilderberg Meetings, of the Trilateral Commission and of the Executive Committee of Aspen Institute Italia.

Born in Varese in 1943, he graduated from Bocconi University and did graduate work at Yale University. He holds honorary degrees from, among others, the University of Padova, Leipzig University, Sciences Po (Paris) and the University of St. Gallen.

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- Damien NEVEN
Chief Competition Economist at the Competition Directorate of the European Commission Retour vers le haut de la page

Damien Neven is Professor and currently Chief Competition Economist at the Competition Directorate of the European Commission and Professor at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva (on leave).

He has obtained a Doctorate in Economics from Nuffield College (Oxford) and has previously taught at INSEAD, the University of Brussels, the College of Europe and the University of Lausanne.

His work has focused on the economics of industry. He has published numerous articles and books in this area. His research focuses on competition economics and enforcement.

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- Christian NOYER
Governor of the Banque de France Retour vers le haut de la page

Christian Noyer was born in 1950 near Paris, France. Having graduated in Law at the universities of Rennes and Paris, he holds the diploma of Paris Institute of political sciences, and completed his education in the "École Nationale d’Administration".

After a military service as a French naval officer, he entered the French Treasury in 1976, and spent two years in 1980-82 in Brussels as a financial attache to the European communities. Back to the Treasury, he hold various positions, dealing both with domestic and international affairs, and was appointed as Director of the Treasury in 1993. He also served as a consellor to Mr Balladur, then Minister of Finance, in 1986-88, and as chief of staff for two other Finance Ministers (Messrs. Alphandéry and Arthuis) in 1993 and in 1995-97. He was appointed as the Vice-President of the European Central Bank in 1998, when the Bank was set-up in Frankfurt, where he served until 2002. He is governor of the Banque de France since 1 November 2003. His European and international experience include membership in the European monetary committee, in key working groups in the OECD, G7, and G10, the position of alternate Governor in the IMF and the World Bank, and the chairmanship of the "Paris club" of creditor countries during the years 1993-97.

He has been awarded several honors by various countries, including knight of the "Légion d’Honneur" and of the "Ordre National du Mérite" in France, Commander of the "Ordre National du Lion" in Senegal, and Great cross of the "Ordén del Merito civil" in Spain.

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- Erik ORSENNA
L’Académie française Retour vers le haut de la page

Erik Orsenna, former adviser of François Mitterrand, is president of the "Centre international de la mer" and author of wonderful imaginative books for children and readers of all ages.

His La grammaire est une chanson douce (STOCK 2001) has been translated into eight languages and was a best-seller in France. Erik Orsenna has been given the Prix Goncourt in 1988 for L’exposition coloniale (Seuil). With STOCK, Erik has also published Les chevaliers du subjonctif (2004), Dernières nouvelles des oiseaux (2005), Salut au grand Sud (2006, in collaboration with Isabelle Autissier) and La révolte des accents (May 2007).

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- Jean-Claude PAYE
Former Secretary General of the OECD Retour vers le haut de la page
Jean-Claude Paye joined the Firm in July 2001. A former diplomat, he was Secretary General of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) from 1984 to 1996 and a Temporary External Member of the Supreme Administrative Court (Conseil d’Etat) from 1996 to 2000. He was called to the Paris Bar in September 2001. He is also a director of Renault and member of the board of directors of the National Foundation of Political Sciences and, since 2005, chairman of the board of the Foundation for political innovation.

Admitted to the Paris Bar (2001)
Director of Economic and Financial Affairs of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs (1979-1984)
Secretary General of the Inter-Ministerial Committee on Questions of European Economic Cooperation (1977-1979)
Diplomatic Advisor to Mr. R. Barre, Prime Minister (1976-1979)
Embassy counsellor in Bonn (1973-1974), Deputy Director, private office of the Minister of Foreign Affairs (1974-1976)
Head of the private office of Mr. R. Barre, Vice-President of the Commission of the European Communities (1967-1973)
Technical Advisor to the Cabinet of the Secretary of State for Scientific Research (1965) and then to the Minister of Social Affairs (1966-1967)
Embassy Secretary in Algiers (1962-1963), Political Director’s Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1963-1965)
Law graduate (licence), graduate of "Sciences Po" in Paris and former student of the "ENA".

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- Marc PENA
Dean of Faculty of Law and Political Science, University Paul Cézanne, Aix-Marseille III Retour vers le haut de la page

Date and place of birth : May 7th 1960, Marseille

Academic qualifications : Ph.D in Law 1989 (Doctorat d’Etat - France)

Professor of Law (Concours d’agrégation des Facultés de Droit - French national competitive examination for the title and position of Professor).

Position : Dean of Faculty of Law and Political Science, University Paul Cézanne, Aix-Marseille III, France.

Academic Field of Study : His qualifications and fields of research are in the History of Law focusing particularly on : the Institutions of Classical Civilization, the History of Political Ideas and European Institutions. In positive law : Legal Anthropology, Ethics in Journalism, Law and the Press are the main areas of his research. The strengths of his research are based on pluridisciplinarity, and the opening up of law towards the social sciences, which has led to participation in a research program with the Maison Méditerranéenne des Sciences de l’Homme (MMSH) and the setting-up in October 2004 of a research laboratory (LIDEMS - Interdisciplinary Laboratory of Law and Social Change) accredited by the French Ministry of Education.

Areas of Research : History of Law and Political Ideas, Culture and Law, Law and the Press. Courses Taught : History of Political Ideas, European Institutions, Legal Anthropology, Historical Development of Foreign Legal Systems, Law of the Press, Ethics in Journalism, History of Media Law. Positions of Responsibility : Vice-President of Paul Cezanne University Aix-Marseille III Dean of Faculty of Law and Political Science, Paul Cézanne University Director of LIDEMS (Interdisciplinary Laboratory of Law and Social Change) Director of the Master of Law and Journalism (University Paul Cézanne, Aix-Marseille III) Director of research Master : Law and social change Co-Director and member of scientific board of Aix-Marseille University Press Director of the Isegoria Colletion of the Aix-Marseille University Press : Law and Music 2001, Law and Theatre 2003, Law and Painting 2005 Secretary of AFHIP (French Association of Historians of Political Ideas) Member of the board of University Paul Cézanne, Aix-Marseille III Member of SHD (Society of the History of Law) Member of the Association of Law Faculty Historians Member of the SHDB (Société pour l’Histoire du Droit et des Institutions des anciens pays bourguignons, comtois et romands) Member of the H. Capitant Association of French Legal Culture

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- Edmund S. PHELPS
Nobel Prize in Economic Science Retour vers le haut de la page

Edmund S. Phelps was born in 1933 in Chicago and grew up in Hastings-on-Hudson, N.Y. He received his B.A. at Amherst College in 1955 and his Ph.D. at Yale in 1959. After several years at Pennsylvania and Yale, he became Professor of Economics at Columbia in 1971 and McVickar Professor of Political Economy in 1982. He is the founding director of the Center on Capitalism and Society, formed in 2001 and now in the Earth Institute at Columbia.

A common thread running through Phelps’s work is his effort to put people - as we know them - into economic models. He has sought to take account of the incompleteness of their information and their knowledge and to study the effect of their expectations and beliefs on market outcomes. He has taken this perspective in studying the volume of unemployment, the rate of economic growth and, relatedly, job satisfaction and its centrality in people’s lives.

He first became known for contributions to the understanding of productivity growth, research, education and the ’golden rule’ - at Yale’s Cowles Foundation in the early 1960s. His most seminal work was his rudimentary theory of a ’natural’ rate of unemployment - its existence, how its size is determined and how market forces may drive unemployment from it. This work was collected in the volume Microeconomic Foundations of Employment and Inflation Theory (1970). Later he revisited the natural rate, showing in Structural Slumps (1994) that changing market forces could account for its shifting character. Subsequently, in his Rewarding Work (1997) he focused on joblessness among less advantaged workers, arguing that the problem solving offered by good jobs is generally necessary for personal development. He then moved on to alternative economic systems and the contrasting consequences for personal growth and satisfaction. In lectures, columns and Enterprise and Inclusion in Italy (2002) he laid the European continent’s economic problems to a dearth of ’dynamism’ and ascribed it more to the Continent’s ’corporatism’ than to high taxes on labor and to the welfare state. His present research is aimed toward modeling capitalism.

Phelps was Senior Advisor to the project ’Italy in Europe’ of Italy’s CNR from 1997 to 2000. He was a charter member of the Economic Advisory Council of the EBRD and was editor and senior writer for the Annual Economic Outlook (1993). He was on the International Panel of the OFCE in Paris in the early 1990s. He was coorganizer of the Villa Mondragone seminars in Rome from 1990 to 2000 and of the International School of Economics in Siena from 1987 to 1990. He was a consultant for the OECD in 1999, the CBO in 1994, the EC in 1987, Banca d’Italia in 1985, the IMF in 1983 and 1985, the FRB in 1983, the Senate Finance Committee in 1975 and the U.S. Treasury Department in 1972.

Phelps is the recipient of the 2006 Nobel Prize in Economic Science. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences (USA) in 1981at age 47. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the Econometric Society. In 2000 he was made a Distinguished Fellow of the American Economic Association. He was awarded honorary doctorates from Amherst College in 1985, University of Rome ’Tor Vergata’ in 2001, University of Mannheim in 2001, Universidade Nova of Lisbon in 2003, University of Paris-Dauphine and the University of Iceland in 2004, and Institut d’ Études des Sciences Politiques de Paris ("Sciences Po") in 2006. He has several honorary professorships from China. In 2003 Princeton University Press published a 600 page Festschrift volume, P. Aghion, R. Frydman, J. E. Stiglitz and M. Woodford, eds. Knowledge, Information and Expectations in Modern Economics in his honor.

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- Didier PORACCHIA
Université Paul Cézanne (Aix-Marseille III) Retour vers le haut de la page

Position académique : - Section CNU : Droit Privé (01)

2001- 2007 Agrégé des facultés de droit, Professeur à l’Université Paul Cézanne (Aix-Marseille III), Faculté de droit et de science politique d’Aix-Marseille

Travaux de recherche
Ouvrages :
" La réception juridique des montages conçus par les professionnels du droit ", PUAM, 1998
" Lamy droit du sport " (Codirection et rédaction en collaboration)
" Le droit du Sport " (en collaboration), LGDJ, 2006

Principaux articles en droit des affaires :
" La loi de sécurité financière et la réforme du commissariat aux comptes ", Dr et patrimoine, janv. 2004, n°122, p. 62 et s.
LA SE - " Les enjeux pour le droit français ", Dr et patrimoine, avril 2004, n° 124, p. 71
" Une société holding dont l’actif est principalement composé de titres d’une société sportive peut-elle faire appel public à l’épargne ? ", Petites Affiches, 31 mai 2004, p.3
" Le retrait du partenaire ", in Les séparations internationales d’entreprises, sous la dir E. Loquin, Litec 2004, p. 169
" Regard sur l’évolution de la profession de commissaire aux comptes ", Petites Affiches, 30 septembre 2004, n° 196, p. 3
" Observations sur la cession de parts de SARL", Journ. Spé. des sociétés, 2005, n° 22, p. 23
" Augmentations de capital réservées aux salaries " (C. com., art. L. 225-129-6), Actes Pratiques et Ingénierie sociétaires, n° 81, Mai-Juin 2005, p. 5 et s. et n° 83, Sept-oct 2005, p. 23 (avec A. Lemercier, C. Cathiard, C. Sureau)
" Société par actions simplifiée et actions de préférence ", Journ. Spé. des sociétés, 2006, n° 34, p. 37 (avec. B. Gay)
" La fusion rapide ", Dr. et patrimoine, oct. 2006, p. 71
" L’appel public à l’épargne des sociétés sportives ", Revue des sociétés 2007/1, p. 41

Principaux colloques récents
Le droit des montages juridiques : théorie et pratique, SFAX, Tunisie, 15 et 16 Avril 2005
Sécurité financière du 1er août 2003, Maison de l’avocat, Marseille, 11 mai 2005
Europe Etats-Unis : quel paradigme juridique, Cercle des Economiste et Faculté de droit d’Aix en Provence, 8 juillet 2005
La corporate Governance comme nouvelle " religion " d’entreprise, IEP Aix en Provence, 27 et 28 octobre 2006
L’avenir de la justice commerciale, Les rencontres du Tribunal de Commerce de Marseille, Evolution de la Justice commerciale depuis 1807 : Bicentenaire du Code de commerce, Tribunal de commerce de Marseille, 3 avril 2007
Vers un Code des activités économiques, Faculté de droit et de science politique d’Aix-Marseille, Tribunal de Commerce d’Aix en Provence, Centre de droit économique, 11 mai 2007

Charges administratives et autres fonctions actuelles
Directeur de la spécialité Ingénierie des sociétés du Master droit des affaires de la Faculté de droit et de science politique d’Aix-en-Provence
Président de la Commission de spécialiste - droit privé - de l’Université d’Aix-Marseille III
Directeur adjoint de l’Institut de Droit des Affaires (Université Paul Cézanne)
Membre de la Commission régionale d’inscription des Commissaires aux comptes Aix-Bastia

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- Catherine PRIETO
University of Paul Cézanne Aix-Marseille III Retour vers le haut de la page

Catherine Prieto is Professor of law (1995) at the University of Paul Cezanne Aix-Marseille where she was Vice-Dean (2000), then Vice-Président (2002-2005). She is a member of the Research Centre for International and Community law (CERICUMR CNRS 6201). She lectures in competition law and in european market law.

She is contributor to several books in european competition law and european contract law. She regularly publishes comments on ECJ cases in competition law and freedom for services.

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- Raghuram RAJAN
University of Chicago Retour vers le haut de la page

Raghuram Rajan is the Eric J. Gleacher Distinguished Service Professor of Finance at the University of Chicago’s Graduate School of Business.

Prior to resuming teaching, Dr. Rajan was the Economic Counselor and Director of Research at the International Monetary Fund between 2003 and 2006.

Dr. Rajan graduated from IIT Delhi in 1985 with a B.Tech in Electrical Engineering and I.I.M. Ahmedabad in 1987. He joined the Graduate School of Business (GSB), University of Chicago in 1991 after obtaining a Ph.D. from MIT. In 1994, Rajan was voted tenure and appointment as Professor of Finance.

Dr. Rajan’s research interests focus primarily on economic development, and the role finance plays in it. His papers have been published in all the top economics and finance journals, and he has served on the editorial board of the American Economic Review and the Journal of Finance. He has also written a book with Luigi Zingales entitled Saving Capitalism from the Capitalists, which was published by Random House in February 2003.

In January 2003, the American Finance Association awarded Dr. Rajan the inaugural Fischer Black Prize, given every two years to the financial economist under age 40 who has made the most significant contribution to the theory and practice of finance. Dr. Rajan is on a number of boards and advisory councils. He currently chairs a high level committee that will propose reforms of the Indian financial sector to the Indian government.

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- Wanda RAPACZYNSKI
President of the Management Board AGORA SA Retour vers le haut de la page

Ms. Rapaczynski has been with AGORA since the early 1990s, initially as a consultant and the representative of the Management Board. Under Rapaczynski’s leadership Agora became the country’s leading media group. Today, along with its flagship, Gazeta Wyborcza, the number one quality newspaper in Poland, the group owns AMS SA, the leader in the outdoor advertising market, the largest and most frequently read national free daily paper Metro, a group of magazine titles, 28 local radio stations, an Internet portal Gazeta.pl and Gazetawyborcza.pl site with e-paper Gazeta Wyborcza. AGORA is listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange and its GDRs are listed on the London Stock Exchange.

Prior to joining AGORA, Ms Rapaczynski was Vice President and Head of New Product Development at Citibank NA in New York. Before entering the business world, she had an academic career in psychology.

Rapaczynski represents Agora in the European Publishers’ Council and in the Polish Confederation of Private Employers, where she is a member of the Main Board and a member of the Board of its Private Media Employers Union. She serves on the Advisory Board of the Center for European Reform, an independent think-tank devoted to the future of the European Union, on International Advisory Council of The Brookings Institution and on the President’s Council on International Activities at Yale University. She is a member of the Polish Group in the Trilateral Commission and a Trustee of Central European University in Budapest.

Ms Rapaczynski received many awards and distinctions. Among others, she was ranked 7th (October 2005) and 8th (October 2004) on the "Financial Times" list of Europe’s Top 25 Women in Business, and she was ranked Best IR CEO/CFO in CEE region by "IR Magazine" in 2003. She was recognized by "The Wall Street Journal Europe" as one of 25 Europe’s Most Successful Businesswomen (March 2002). She was honored twice by "Business Week" and ranked among 30 Most Influential People in the Polish Economy (March 2002) and placed on the list of 50 Stars of Europe (June 2001). "Forbes" ranked her twice among Most Powerful Women in the non-U.S. Business World.

Rapaczynski holds a Ph.D. in Psychology from the City University of New York (1977) and a Master of Private & Public Management from Yale University School of Organization and Management (1984).

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- Pierre RAOUL-DUVAL
Gide Loyrette Nouel Retour vers le haut de la page

Pierre Raoul-Duval acts as coordinator of the international arbitration department of Gide Loyrette Nouel. His practice concentrates on international contracts and litigation and he has extensive experience in devising litigation strategy and advocating large cases, notably before Arbitral Tribunals. Through his work as cocounsel for the contractors in the Channel Tunnel disputes, he has also gained a specific expertise in handling cases involving both the civil and common law traditions.

He is also experienced in negotiating international commercial transactions, engineering and turnkey contracts.

Recent Professional Experience _Pierre Raoul-Duval has acted as counsel in a large number of international arbitration cases (mainly ICC) in the areas of investment disputes, international trade, engineering and construction contracts, intellectual property and taxation. He has also been involved in several mediation procedures.

His experience includes acting as President, co-arbitrator or sole arbitrator in ICC and AAA cases. Partner of Gide Loyrette Nouel since 1981 Resident partner in charge of the New York office (1984-1989) Resident in the Riyadh office (1978-1980, part time) Member of the Paris Bar since 1976 LL.M., London School of Economics (1973) Maîtrise en Droit, Paris (1972)

Miscellaneous
Member of the Panel of Conciliators, ICSID. Licensed Foreign Legal Consultant, New York, 1985 Former Council member of the ABA Section of International Law and Practice and past-member of the Foreign and Comparative Law Committee of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York. Active in a number of international professional organisations such as the International Bar Association, l’Institut pour l’Arbitrage International, l’Association Suisse d’Arbitrage, the American Bar Association, the London Court of International Arbitration, and the CPR International Institute for Conflict Prevention & Resolution of which he is an Executive Committee member.

He has written various articles on international arbitration and ADR.

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- David M. RUBENSTEIN
Co-Founder and Managing Director of The Carlyle Group Retour vers le haut de la page

David M. Rubenstein is a Co-Founder and Managing Director of The Carlyle Group, one of the world’s largest private equity firms. Mr. Rubenstein co-founded the firm in 1987. Since then, Carlyle has grown into a firm managing more than $58.5 billion from 29 offices around the world.

Mr. Rubenstein, a native of Baltimore, is a 1970 magna cum laude graduate of Duke, where he was elected Phi Beta Kappa. Following Duke, Mr. Rubenstein graduated in 1973 from The University of Chicago Law School, where he was an editor of the Law Review.

From 1973-75, Mr. Rubenstein practiced law in New York with Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison. From 1975-76 he served as Chief Counsel to the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee’s Subcommittee on Constitutional Amendments. From 1977-1981, during the Carter Administration, Mr. Rubenstein was Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy. After his White House service and before co-founding Carlyle, Mr. Rubenstein practiced law in Washington with Shaw, Pittman, Potts & Trowbridge (now Pillsbury, Winthrop, Shaw Pittman).

Mr. Rubenstein is on the Board of Directors or Trustees of Duke University, Johns Hopkins University, the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts (Vice Chairman), the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Institute for Advanced Study, the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, the National Museum of American History of the Smithsonian Institution, the Center for Strategic and International Studies, the Institute for International Economics, the Asia Society, the American Academy in Berlin, American Council on Germany, Freedom House and Ford’s Theatre.

Mr. Rubenstein is also a member of the Visiting Committee of the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard, the Dean’s Council at the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton, the Advisory Board of the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, the Board of Overseers of the Hoover Institution, the Trustees’ Council of the National Gallery of Art, the Madison Council of the Library of Congress, the International Business Council of the World Economic Forum, the Council of the National Trust for Historic Preservation, the Trilateral Commission, and the National Advisory Committee of J.P. Morgan Chase

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- Guy RYDER
General Secretary, International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) Retour vers le haut de la page

Guy Ryder was born on 3 January 1956, in Liverpool, United Kingdom.

After graduating with an MA in Social and Political Sciences from Cambridge University, he was employed as an Assistant in the International Department of the Trades Union Congress (TUC, Great Britain), from 1982-85.

In 1985, he was appointed Secretary of the Industry Trade Section of the International Federation of Commercial, Clerical, Professional and Technical Employees (now Union Network International) in Geneva.

From 1988-98 he worked at the Geneva Office of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU, a predecessor organisation to the ITUC), initially as Assistant Director, then as Director and Secretary of the Workers’ Group of the International Labour Organisation (ILO).

In 1998, he was appointed Director of the Bureau for Workers’ Activities, International Labour Office (ILO), and from 1999-2001 he served as Director of the Office of the ILO Director-General.

On 1 February 2002, he was appointed General Secretary of the ICFTU, a position which he held until the founding Congress of the ITUC in November 2006, where he was elected ITUC General Secretary.

Mr Ryder speaks English (mother tongue), French and Spanish.

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- Stéphane SALORD
2nd Deputy-Mayor of Aix-en-Provence Retour vers le haut de la page

2nd Deputy-Mayor of Aix-en-Provence

Vice-chairman of the countries of Aix agglomeration community

Born in Marseilles on 26.01.1969, arrived at Aix-en-Provence in 1989.

1992 : Diploma of the Institute of Political Studies (IEP in French) of Aix 1994 until now : Founder chairman of the Comité Bassin Emploi 1997 : Nominated Manager of the Vasarely Foundation Since March 2001 : Elected 2nd deputy-mayor of Aix-en-Provence • My delegations : economic development, Employment, Cultural Life, Aix- Marseilles Urban development. Since April 2001 : Elected vice-chairman of the Countries of Aix Agglomeration Community

Still Chairing :
Chairman of the Countries of Aix Community Economic and Employment Development Board.

Others Functions in charge of : Lecturer at the Applied Economics Faculty Chairman of the Creators Club of Bouches du Rhône (1995-2001)

Foreign Mission :
Development of the relationships between Aix and Beijing and in October 2003 signature of the particulars relationships agreements between Aix and the economic area of Chaoyang Specific Action as an Elected :
Active supporting for the ITER project in Cadarache

Publishing :
Preface in collaboration with Michel TOURNIER (Académie Française) for the republishing of "Jules Verne’s Blacks Indies" during the commemorative year - Le Transbordeur Editions (2005)
"Le rêve de Victor ou l’utopie réelle", short story followed by an essay, 2005, Le Transbordeur Editions, Marseilles, 3000 books diffused by Le Seuil.

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- Myron S. SCHOLES
Alfred Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences Retour vers le haut de la page
Myron S. Scholes is Chairman of Platinum Grove Asset Management, an alternative investment fund, specializing in liquidity provision services to the global wholesale capital markets. Professor Scholes is the Frank E. Buck Professor of Finance Emeritus, at the Stanford University Graduate School of Business since 1996.

Professor Scholes is currently a director of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Dimensional Fund Investors mutual funds, and American Century (Mountain View) mutual funds.

Professor Scholes is widely known for his seminal work in options pricing, capital markets, tax policies and the financial services industry. He is widely published in academic journals. He is co-originator of the Black-Scholes options pricing model, which is the basis of the pricing and risk-management technology that is used to value and to manage the risk of financial instruments around the world. For this work, he was awarded the Alfred Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1997.

He was the Frank E. Buck Professor of Finance at the Stanford University Graduate School of Business from 1983 to 1996, and a Senior Research Fellow at the Hoover Institution from 1987 to 1996. He received a PhD in 1969 from the University of Chicago where he served as the Edward Eagle Brown Professor of Finance in the Graduate School of Business from 1974 to1983 and where he was the Director of the Center for Research in Security Prices from 1976 to 1983. He was an Assistant and Associate Professor of Finance at MIT’s Sloan School of Management from 1969 to 1974.

Professor Scholes is a member of the Econometric Society and served as President of the American Finance Association in 1990. Professor Scholes has honorary doctorate degrees from the University of Paris, France, McMaster University, Canada, Louvain University, Belgium and Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada.

Professor Scholes has consulted widely with many financial institutions, corporations and exchanges and continues to lecture for many organizations around the world. He was a principal and limited partner at Long-Term Capital Management, L.P., an investment management firm, from 1993-1998. From 1991 to 1993, he was a Managing Director at Salomon Brothers, a member of Salomon’s risk management committee, and as Co-Head of its Fixed Income Derivatives Sales and Trading Department was instrumental in building Salomon Swapco, its derivatives intermediation subsidiary, and in expanding its derivative sales and trading group. (www.msri.org)

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- Andrei SHLEIFER
Harvard University Retour vers le haut de la page

A Professor of Economics at Harvard University, Andrei Shleifer holds an undergraduate degree from Harvard and a Ph.D. from MIT. Before coming to Harvard in 1991, he has taught at Princeton and the Chicago Business School.

Shleifer’s has worked in the areas of comparative corporate governance, law and finance, behavioral finance, as well as institutional economics.

He has published four books, including The Grabbing Hand (with Robert Vishny), and Inefficient Markets : An Introduction to Behavioral Finance, as well as over a hundred articles. Shleifer has served as the Editor of the Quarterly Journal of Economics between 1989 and 1999, and as an Associate Editor of both the Journal of Finance and the Journal of Financial Economics. He is currently the Editor of the Journal of Economic Perspectives and an Advisory Editor of the JFE. Shleifer is a fellow of the Econometric Society and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1999, Shleifer won the John Bates Clark medal of the American Economic Association.

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- Carlos SIMONSEN LEAL
Fundaçâo Getulio Vargas Retour vers le haut de la page

Formation :
Ingénieur civil diplôme de l’École d’ingénieurs de l’Université Fédérale de Rio de Janeiro, 1980 ; Maître en Mathématique Économique, diplôme de l’Institut de mathématique pure et appliquée du CNPq. 1982 ; Cours de Doctorat de l’École Supérieure d’Économie de la Fondation Getulio Vargas (EPGE/FGV), 1980-82 ; PhD en Economie de la Princeton University, EUA, 1986.

Cursus Professionnel :
Professeur à l’École Supérieure d’Économie de la Fondation Getulio Vargas de 1986 à 1997 (Macroéconomie, Microéconomie, Finances Publiques, Finances) ; Consultant pour la Banque Centrale du Brésil, 1989 ; Directeur de FGV-Business de 1992 à 1997 - (responsable de la conception et de la réalisation des cours de Finances Corporatives et de Gestion d’Entreprise) ; Direteur-Général de la EPGE/FGV - août 1994 / août 1997 ; Vice-Président de la Fondation Getulio Vargas de septembre 1997 au 09 août 2000 ; Président de la Fondation Getulio Vargas depuis le 10 août 2000 ; Professeur Émérite à l’École du Commandement de l’Etat Major do l’Armée (ECEME) ;

Membre de l’Ordre National du Mérite Scientifique avec le grade de Grand Maître ; Membre du Comité de Responsabilité Sociale da Souza Cruz S.A., depuis 2002. Membre du Conseil Consultatif de l’Institut Brésilien de l’Ethique de la Concurrence - ETCO, depuis 2006. Membre du Conseil de Direction de l’Association Commerciale de Rio de Janeiro, depuis 2001. A été décoré du collier du Mérite Judiciaire attribué par le Tribunal de l’Etat de Rio de Janeiro. Sous sa Présidence, la FGV a créé, jusqu’en 2007, six nouvelles formations supérieures et grâce à l’ampleur de la formation continue la FGV est maintenant présente dans tous les états du Brésil.

Également, au cours de cette période, la FGV a été l’unique institution accréditée auprès du Tribunal des comptes de l’Union avec le Grand Collier du Mérite du Tribunal des Comptes de l’Union.

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- Alain-Gérard SLAMA
Institut d’Études politiques de Paris Retour vers le haut de la page

Ancien élève de l’École normale supérieure, agrégé de l’Université, diplômé de l’Institut d’Études politiques de Paris. Professeur à l’Institut d’Études politiques de Paris.

Vice-président des personnalités qualifiées au Conseil économique et social.
Editorialiste et membre du Comité éditorial du Figaro. Chroniqueur à France Culture et au Figaro Magazine. Membre du Conseil d’analyse de la société auprès du Premier ministre. Membre du comité national consultatif d’éthique pour les sciences de la vie et de la santé et de la Commission nationale consultative des droits de l’homme.

Livres publiés :
" Les chasseurs d’absolu, genèse de la gauche et de la droite " (Grasset, 1980, rééd. "Pluriel"), Les Dossiers du Figaro (Lattès, 1985), " L’angélisme exterminateur, essai sur l’ordre moral contemporain " (Grasset, 1993, rééd. "Pluriel"), " La régression démocratique " (grand prix de l’essai de l’Académie française, Fayard, 1995, rééd. Tempus, Perrin), " La guerre d’Algérie " (1997, Gallimard, coll. "Découvertes"), " Chronique des peurs ordinaires " (Seuil, 2003), " Le siècle de Monsieur Pétain " (Perrin, 2005).

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- Peter SLOTERDIJK
Hochschule für Gestaltung de Karlsruhe Retour vers le haut de la page

Philosophe, écrivain, essayiste, professeur de philosophie et d’esthétique à Karlsruhe et Vienne, né en 1947, formé à l’école de la phénoménologie, de l’existentialisme et de la théorie critique, Peter Sloterdijk est sans doute aujourd’hui le penseur allemand le plus novateur et le plus expressif.

Comparable, par la radicalité de sa pensée à Nietzsche et à Bataille, inventeur de ce qu’il nomme un discours poétique " flottant ", familier de la philosophie et de la poésie françaises, qu’il s’agisse de celle de Bachelard ou de celle de Michaux, il a fait sauter le cadre de la philosophie académique. Avec la Critique de raison cynique (traduite en 32 langues et constituant sans aucun doute un des plus grands succès d’une œuvre philosophique), en passant par Le Matérialisme de Nietzsche, Dans le même bateau, jusqu’à sa trilogie Sphères, Peter Sloterdijk a cherché à établir une nouvelle pensée : une théorie de la révolution et des analyses tant sociologiques que culturelles intégrées à ce qu’il appelle la " microsphérologie ", c’est-à-dire l’interprétation de relations symbiotiques individuelles (source : euracademie.org mars 2005).

Né en 1947 à Karlsruhe où il réside. Après une thèse sur la philosophie et l’histoire de l’autobiographie, il publia, en 1983, un essai qui fit grand bruit, La Critique de la raison cynique, traduit en dix-sept langues.

Peter Sloterdijk, recteur de la Hochschule für Gestaltung de Karlsruhe, professeur de philosophie et d’esthétique à Vienne. Il anime depuis le mois de janvier un " Quatuor philosophique " sur la chaîne allemande ZDF.

Bibliographie (en bref) :
" Sphères III - Ecumes " (Maren Sell, 2005) " Sphères I - Bulles " (Maren Sell, 2002) " Critique de la raison cynique " (Bourgois, 2000) " Le matérialisme de Nietzsche " (Bourgois 2000) " La Mobilisation infinie (Bourgois, 2000) " Dans le même bateau " (Rivages, 1997) " Règles pour le parc humain " (Mille et une nuits, 2000) " La Domestication de l’être " (Mille et une nuits, 2000)F.

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- Georges TERRIER
Chairman of the Management Committee of Jeantet et Associés Retour vers le haut de la page

Admitted in 1980.Partner since 1982.Chairman of the Management Committee since 2001

Education
DES in Economic Sciences. Institut d’ Études Politiques of Paris, Economy and Finance section. Master’s degree in Law. Language : English

Areas of Practice
Mergers and Acquisitions, Corporate Law, Bankruptcy, Insolvency and Restructuring, Managers liability, International Trade and Contracts,Litigation and Alternative Dispute Resolution.

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- Jean-François THÉODORE
Deputy Chief Executive Officer of NYSE Euronext Retour vers le haut de la page

Born in December 1946, Jean-François Théodore holds a law degree from theUniversity of Paris and is a graduate of the Institut d’ Études Politiques de Paris andthe École Nationale d’Administration (ENA).

Mr. Théodore is Deputy Chief Executive Officer and Director of NYSE Euronext, the exchange group created by the combination of NYSE Group, Inc. and Euronext.

N.V. which commenced trading on April 4, 2007.
He is Chairman of the Managing Board and Chief Executive Officer of Euronext N.V. the leading European exchange created in September 2000 from the merger between Amsterdam Exchanges, Brussels Exchanges and ParisBourseSBFSA, and which has been enlarged to Porto and Lisbon Exchanges and has acquired the LIFFE, the UK derivatives market - of which Mr Théodore is member of the Board.

Mr Théodore was Chairman of CLEARNET SBF SA, a subsidiary of Euronext, which runs Euronext clearing operations, until its merger with LCH at the end of 2003 to become LCH.Clearnet. He is now a member of the Board of Directors of LCH.Clearnet Group.

From 1993 to 2000, Mr Théodore was Chairman of SICOVAM SA, the French central depository which became Euroclear France. Mr Theodore is on the Board of Euroclear.

He presided over the International Federation of Stock Exchanges (FIBV) for two years (1993-1994) and was President of the Federation of European Stock Exchanges (1998-2000).

Prior to his career as Chairman and CEO of ParisBourseSBFSA in 1990, Mr Théodore was with the French Treasury (Direction du Trésor) at the Ministry of Economy and Finance from 1974 to 1989, serving as assistant Head of the State Holdings Bureau. He was then seconded for two years to Crédit National as a member of the Executive Board. On his return to the Treasury, he was successively appointed Head of the "African States - Franc Zone" Bureau, Head of the Foreign Investment Bureau, Deputy Director in charge of the Banking Department and Deputy Director of the Investments, State Participations and Public Corporations Department.

Mr Théodore is married and has three children.

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- Michel TILMANT
Chairman of the Executive Board of ING Group Retour vers le haut de la page

Michel Tilmant (b. 1952, Belgian nationality) is chairman of the Executive Board of Amsterdam-based ING Group, which is - based on market capitalisation - one of the 15 largest financial institutions worldwide.

ING is a global financial institution of Dutch origin offering banking, insurance and asset management to a broad customer base (private, corporate and institutional clients) in more than 50 countries. With a diverse workforce of 120,000 people, ING comprises a broad spectrum of prominent companies that increasingly serve their clients under the ING brand.

Mr. Tilmant has been chairman of the Executive Board since 28 April 2004. Four Group staff departments report directly to him : Group Human Resources, Corporate Development, Corporate Communications & Affairs and Corporate Audit Services.

Mr. Tilmant graduated from Louvain University (Belgium) in 1975 with a master’s degree in business administration. He is also a graduate of the Louvain School for European Affairs (1976). Subsequently, he conducted a one-year market study in the US and joined Morgan Guaranty Trust Company in New York. He worked for Morgan for 13 years, in various positions. He left Morgan in 1991 and became vicechairman of BIL (Banque International à Luxembourg), which at the time was still partially owned by Brussels Lambert Group. In 1992, Tilmant joined Bank Brussels Lambert (BBL) as an adviser to the chairman of the Board of Directors, and consequently, he became a member of the Board in the same year. From 1 January 1997-December 1999, he was chairman of the Board of Directors of BBL. In 1998, BBL became part of ING Group. In his capacity as a board member, Mr. Tilmant was initially made responsible for the ING Belgium Executive Committee, and later also for the ING Corporate & Investment Banking Executive Committee. In 2000, he was appointed vice-chairman of ING Group. In addition, he was chairman of the Executive Committee ING Europe and chairman of ING Bank.

Mr. Tilmant is a member of the International Institut d’ Études Bancaires (IIEB), CEA Contact Group (Club des Principaux Assureurs Privés), European Financial Services Round Table and a board member of the Geneva Association.

Mr. Tilmant’s external functions include board memberships of the Supervisory Board of Louvain University, the Board of Trustees of the Belgian Governance Institute, and the Board of Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest (Royal Dutch Orchestra).

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- Ted TOKUCHI
Chairman of CITIC Securities Co., Ltd Retour vers le haut de la page
Date of Birth : August 22,1952

Education : B. A. Chinese Literature Peking University, China - 1976 M. A. East Asian Studies Stanford University, USA - 1985

Employment :
Dec 1980 Joined Daiwa Securities Co., Ltd Head of Chinese Affairs International Investment Banking Dept Aug 1985 Vice President, Corporate Finance Daiwa Securities (America) Inc Jan 1990 Director and Executive Vice President, Corporate Finance Daiwa Securities (H.K.) Limited Aug 1993 Chief Representative Daiwa Securities Co., Ltd. Beijing Office Mar 1999 President (CEO) Daiwa Securities Singapore Limited Jun 2001 General Manager, Investment Banking Division Chief Representative, Beijing Office Daiwa Securities SMBC Co., Ltd. Jun 2002 Joined CITIC Securities Co., Ltd. Managing Director, Head of Corporate Finance Committee May 2006 Chairman, CITIC Securities (HK) Co

Works :
China’s Financial System Reform, Overseas Listed State-owned Enterprises of China(Chief Editor), Guidance to Enterprises Restructuring (Editor) etc.

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- Jean-Claude TRICHET
President of the European Central Bank Retour vers le haut de la page

Born in Lyon, Jean-Claude Trichet is an "Inspecteur général des Finances" and"Ingénieur civil des Mines". He is a graduate of the École nationale supérieure des Mines de Nancy, of the Institut d’études politiques de Paris and of the University of Paris in economics. He worked in the competitive sector from 1966 to 1968. He was admitted to the École nationale d’Administration in 1969 and appointed to the "Inspection générale des Finances" in 1971.

He was assigned to various posts at the Ministry of Finance in the General Inspectorate of Finance and later in the Treasury Department, where in 1976 he became Secretary General of the Interministerial Committee for Improving Industrial Structures (CIASI).

Jean-Claude Trichet was made an adviser to the cabinet of the Minister of Economic Affairs (René Monory) in 1978, and then an adviser to the President of the Republic (Valery Giscard d’Estaing) in the same year. In this capacity, he worked on issues relating to energy, industry, research and microeconomics from 1978 to 1981. He subsequently became Deputy Director of Bilateral Affairs at the Treasury Department from 1981 to 1984, Head of International Affairs at the Treasury and was Chairman of the Paris Club (sovereign debt rescheduling) from 1985 to 1993. In 1986, he directed the Private Office of the Minister of Economic Affairs, Finance and Privatisation (Edouard Balladur), and in 1987 he became Director of the Treasury. In the same year, he was appointed Censor of the General Council of the Banque de France and Alternate Governor of the IMF and the World Bank. He was Chairman of the European Monetary Committee from 1992 until his appointment as Governor of the Banque de France in 1993. He was the Chairman of the Monetary Policy Council of the Banque de France as of 1994, a member of the Council of the European Monetary Institute from 1994 to 1998 and thereafter a member of the Governing Council of the European Central Bank. At the end of his first term as Governor of the Banque de France, he was reappointed for a second term.

Jean-Claude Trichet was elected Chairman of the Group of Ten (G10) Governors on 29 June 2003. He was appointed President of the European Central Bank on 16 October 2003 by common accord of the Governments of the Member States that have adopted the euro at the level of Heads of State or Government for a term of office of eight years starting on 1 November 2003.

He was named "Policy maker of the year" by The International Economy Magazine (1991), and has received a number of awards, including the "Zerilli Marimo" prize from the Académie des Sciences morales et politiques (1999), the international "Pico della Mirandola" prize (2002) and the "Prix franco-allemand de la Culture/Deutsch-Französischer Kulturpreis" (2006). He has been awarded honorary doctorates by a number of universities. Jean-Claude Trichet is a commandeur de la Légion d’honneur and has been awarded several foreign honours.

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- Hubert VEDRINE
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs Retour vers le haut de la page

Born in Saint-Silvain-Bellegarde, France, in 1947.

Education and Diplomas
Diploma from the Paris Institut d’études politiques ; History diploma École nationale d’Administration (Simone Weil year).

Career
1974-1978 Senior civil servant at the Ministry of Culture, head of the office responsible for town conservation 1978-1979 Head of the conservation and enhancement of architectural sites division at the Ministry of Culture, then at the Ministry for Capital Works 1979-1981 Geographical coordinator attached to the Director-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ Cultural, Scientific and Technical Directorate 1981-1986 Diplomatic adviser to the President of the Republic 1986 Appointed maître des requêtes (legal adviser) at the Conseil d’Etat 1988-1991 Spokesman for the Presidency of the Republic 1991-1995 Secretary-General for the Presidency of the Republic 1995-1996 At the Conseil d’Etat 1995-1996 Led a seminar on decision-making in foreign policy at the École des Hautes études en Sciences sociales 1996-May 1997 Partner in the Jeantet et Associés law firm June 1997 - may Minister of Foreign Affairs under Lionel JOSPIN’s 2002 governments.

Hubert Védrine has created in January 2003 "HUBERT VEDRINE CONSEIL" (public affairs company provided economic, geo-political and foreign affairs advice), and is the President of François Mitterrand Institute.

In 2004, Hubert Védrine has been appointed as Independant Director in LVMH Board of Directors.

In 2005, he has been chosen by Kofi Annan, MM Zapatero et Erdogan to be on of the twenty international Members of the "High Level Group" designed as "Alliance des Civilisations".

Author of :
"Les Mondes de François Mitterrand" (Fayard, 1996), about the former President’s foreign policy, 1981-1995 ; "Dialogue avec Dominique Moisi - Les cartes de la France à l’heure de la mondialisation " (Fayard, 2000). "Face à l’Hyper-puissance, textes et discours, 1995-2003" (Fayard, 2003) "François Mitterrand, le dessein et le destin" (collection "Découvertes" chez Gallimard) Janvier 2006 "Continuer l’Histoire" (Fayard) 2007

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- Serge VILLEPELET
President of PricewaterhouseCoopers France Retour vers le haut de la page

A graduate of the École Supérieure de Sciences Economiques et Commerciales (ESSEC), Serge joined Coopers & Lybrand France in 1979 and was admitted to the partnership in 1989 at which time he was registered as a Statutory French Auditor (Commissaire aux Comptes).

During his 25-year career he has held senior management positions in PwC in France and at a regional European level, both in the Assurance (audit) and Advisory (non-audit) divisions of the firm.

Serge is a member of the Continental European Board of PwC Eurofirm and also of the Global Board of PricewaterhouseCoopers IL

PricewaterhouseCoopers (www.pwc.com) provides industry-focused assurance, tax and advisory services for public and private clients. More than 120,000 people in 139 countries connect their thinking, experience and solutions to build public trust and enhance value for clients and their stakeholders.

PricewaterhouseCoopers refers to the network of member firms of PricewaterhouseCoopers International Limited, each of which is a separate and independent legal entity.

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- Immanuel WALLERSTEIN
Department of Sociology of Yale University Retour vers le haut de la page

Senior Research Scholar
Immanuel Wallerstein is the former President of the International Sociological Association (1994-1998), and chair of the international Gulbenkian Commission on the Restructuring of the Social Sciences (1993-1995). He writes in three domains of world-systems analysis : the historical development of the modern world-system ; the contemporary crisis of the capitalist world-economy ; the structures of knowledge. Books in each of these domains include respectively The Modern World-System (3 vols.) ; Utopistics, or Historical Choices for the Twenty-first Century ; and Unthinking Social Science : The Limits of Nineteenth-Century Paradigms.

Selected Publications _Books
Wallerstein, Immanuel (2006). "European Universalism : The Rhetoric of Power". New York : The New Press. Wallerstein, Immanuel (2005). "Africa : The Politics of Independence And Unity". Lincoln, NE : University of Nebraska Press. Wallerstein, Immanuel (ed.) (2005). "The Modern World-System in the Longue Durée". Boulder, CO : Paradigm Publishers. Wallerstein, Immanuel (2004). "The Uncertainties of Knowledge". Philadelphia, PA : Temple University Press. Wallerstein, Immanuel (2004). "World-Systems Analysis : An Introduction. Durham, NC" : Duke University Press. Wallerstein, Immanuel (2003). "The Decline of American Power : The U.S. in a Chaotic World ". New York : The New Press. Wallerstein, Immanuel (2001). "Unthinking Social Science : The Limits of Nineteenth-Century Paradigms" (Second Edition). Philadelphia, PA : Temple University Press. Wallerstein, Immanuel (2001). "The End of the World As We Know It : Social Science for the Twenty-First Century". Minneapolis, MN : University of Minnesota Press. Wallerstein, Immanuel (2000). "The Essential Wallerstein". New York : The New Press. www.yale.edu/sociology/facul...

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- Rémy WEBER
Chairman of Lyonnaise de Banque Retour vers le haut de la page

Born in 1957 in Strasbourg, Rémy Weber graduated from the "Institut d’ Études Politiques" of Aix en Provence (I.E.P. ;Institute of Political Science) in 1979 and from the business school "Hautes Études Commerciales" (H.E.C.) in 1982.

In 1983, he began his career at the Large Corporate Department of the Banque Française du Commerce Extérieur (French Bank for Foreign Trade).

From 1987 to 1989, Rémy Weber was official representative for the International Department of the Ministry of Finance. In charge of the development and the follow-up of the export credit insurance policy, of the finance operating cycle and of the foreign exchange insurance (for COFACE : French export insurance company).At the same time he represented the Ministry of Finance on the interministerial board for guarantees and export credits and in international negotiations.

In 1990 he joined the "Financière B.F.C.E" as vice-director in charge of investments and mergers and acquisitions. Then in 1993, Rémy Weber became Regional Manager for Lyonnaise de Banque. In 1995-1996 he acted as General Secretary and Operations Manager for the bank, then became Vice Managing Director (1996-1999) and subsequently Managing Director (1999-2002). Nowadays, Rémy Weber has the following appointments : Chairman of Lyonnaise de Banque, Member of the Managing Board of the CIC Group, Chairman of the supervisory board of Banque de Vizille, Vice Chairman of Pasche Bank (Geneva, Monaco, Nassau), Chairman of Bonnasse Lyonnaise de Banque, Council’s Member of FactoCIC, of Euro-Information, of Télévie (Credit Mutuel Insurance), of Descours et Cabaud, of EM Lyon Business School

Member of the National Council of Foreign Trade.
Member of the Council of the Foundation "Nanosciences in extreme cases of Nanoélectronique"
Member of the Council of Foundation RTRA "Innovations in infectiology"
Badges of Knight in the National Order of the Legion of Honor (July 2006)

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- Serge WEINBERG
Chairman of Weinberg Capital Partners Retour vers le haut de la page

Born in 1951, Serge Weinberg has a degree in law and is a graduate of the Institut d’ Études Politiques of Paris and of the École Nationale d’Administration (1976). After serving as sous-préfet from 1976 to 1981, he joined the staff of Budget Minister Laurent Fabius as chef de cabinet in 1981. In 1982, he became deputy managing director in charge of finance at television station FR3, then he was managing director and later chief operating officer of Havas Tourisme from 1983 to 1987.

He was managing director of Pallas Finances, the M&A unit of Banque Pallas, from 1987 to 1990. That year, he joined Groupe Pinault, where he has occupied a succession of posts including Chief Executive Officer of Rexel from 1991 to 1995. From 1995 to 2005, Serge Weinberg was Chief Executive Officer of PPR, the largest non-food retailer in Europe and the third largest luxury goods company in the world.

In March 2005, he founded Weinberg Capital Partners, an investment found with total commitments of nearly 420 million euros. Serge Weinberg is the Chairman of the Board of Accor and he is also Vice-Chaiman of the board of Schneider Electric. He is a Member of the Nation Economic Commission, an advisory body to the Minister of Finance, and President of the French section of the Trilateral Commission. Mr. Weinberg is also Treasurer of ADREC (Association pour le Développement de la Recherche sur le Cerveau et la Moëlle Epinière).

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- Yoshinori YOKOYAMA
Mori Building : Advisor to the President Retour vers le haut de la page

Education 1966.3 -The University of Tokyo, Faculty of Engineering ; BE in Architecture 1972.6 - Harvard University, Graduate School of Design ; M. Arch. Urban Design 1975.6 - MIT Sloan School of Management ; MS in Management

Experience _1966.4 - Kunio Maekawa & Architects (Tokyo) : Associate 1972.9 - Davis, Brody & Associates (New York) : Associate 1973.9 - David Specter & Associates (New York) : Chief Designer 1975.9 - McKinsey & Company, Inc. 1987.7 - Elected as Director (Senior partner) 1989 1994 - Tokyo Office manager 1999.4 - Tohoku University, Department of Architecture : Visiting lecturer ( 2003.3 ) 2002.6 - Retired from McKinsey & Company, Inc 2002.7 - RIETI(Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry) : Senior Fellow ( 2004.3 )

Orix Corporation : Member of Board Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Co. : Member of Advisory Board ( 2005.7) UBS : Member of Advisory Board ( 2005.11) Genron(Opinion) NPO : Director Space Design Co. : Member of Board ( 2004.10 ) Igrec, Inc. : Managing Director & Social System Designer 2003.1 - Mori Building Investment Management Co. : Member of Board ( 2006.8) 2003.5 - IRCJ (Industrial Revitalization Corporation of Japan) : Auditor 2003.7 - JIA (Japan Institute of Architects) : Management Advisor Longreach Group : Member of Advisory Board 2004.4 - Hitotsubashi Univ. Graduate School of International Corporate Strategy : Visiting Professor ( 2006.3) 2005.1 - Social System Design Institute : CEO & Chief Designer 2005.2 - Unison Capital : Member of Executive Council 2005.4 - University of Tokyo : Management Advisor to the President 2006.5 - Life Learning Development Foundation : Director 2006.5 - INSEAD : Member of National Council 2006.6 - Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Co., and Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group : Member of Board 2006.7 - Hiroshima City : Management Advisor to the Mayor 2006.7 - Medical and Health Development Organization : Director 2006.9 - Mori Building : Advisor to the President

Selected Publications and Papers
2006 - "Japan doe not compare with the United States" ; First Press 2003 - "Decline in Affluence and a Strategy for Japan" ; Diamond Publishing 1999 - "The Market Unbound" (joint translation) ; Toyo Keizai 1998 - "Formulating Alliance Strategies" (co-authored) ; Toyo Keizai 1994 - "Revolution in Growth Creation" ; Diamond Publishing 1992 - "Corporate Architecture" (co-authored) ; Diamond Publishing 1990 - "Corporate Metamorphosis Design" ; NTT Publishing Various articles on corporate strategy, organization design, corporate finance, strategic alliance, M&A, corporate vision/transformation, and "Social System Design" issues

Other
Ministry of Finance, Financial System Research Council, Financial System Revitalization Committee (the "Big Bang Committee") : Member (1995.9 1997.6) Office of Prime Minister, Tax Research Council, Financial Taxation Sub-Committee : Member (1997.7 2000.6) Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Committee for Evaluation & Supervision of Projects by Building & Repair Office : Member (2001.4 )

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- Ernest ZEDILLO
Director of the Yale Center for the Study of Globalization Retour vers le haut de la page
Ernesto Zedillo is the Director of the Yale Center for the Study of Globalization, Professor in the Field of International Economics and Politics, and Professor Adjunct of Forestry and Environmental Studies at Yale University.

He received his undergraduate degree in economics, School of Economics, National Polytechnic Institute, Mexico ; his M.A., M.Phil. and Ph.D. at Yale University. He was Professor of macroeconomics and international economics at the Instituto Politecnico Nacional and El Colegio de Mexico (1979-1987). At Mexico’s Central Bank (1978-1987) : economist, deputy manager of economic research, general director of trust fund for the renegotiation of private firms’ external debt and deputy director. At National Government of Mexico : Undersecretary of the Budget (1987-1988), Secretary of the Budget and Economic Planning (1988-1992), Secretary of Education (1992-1993). He served as President of the Republic from 1994-2000.

Since leaving office, he served as Chairman of the United Nations High Level Panel on Financing for Development (2001) ; Member of Advisory Panel to the Director General of the World Trade Organization (2001-2002) ; Landon Distinguished Lecturer at Kansas State University (May 2001) ; Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Centre for Global Governance, London School of Economics (Fall 2001) ; Speaker at closing ceremonies of Yale University’s Tercentennial (October 2001) ; Distinguished Lecturer at the University of Miami (October 2001) ; and Collins Family Distinguished Fellow at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University (March 2002). He served as Co-Chairman of the UN Commission on the Private Sector and Development (2004) ; co-Coordinator of the UN Millennium Project’s Task Force on Trade (2002 - 2005) ; and was UN Special Envoy for the 2005 World Summit.

He is the recipient of numerous awards and honors including the Wilbur Cross Medal and Honorary Doctor of Laws degree, Yale University (May 2001) ; Democracy and Peace Award, Institute of the Americas, University of California at San Diego (September 2001) ; Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters, University of Miami (May 2002) ; the Franklin D. Roosevelt Freedom from Fear Award (June 2002) ; the Tribuna Americana Award, Casa de America, Madrid, Spain (December 2002) ; Honorary Degree, University of Massachusetts, Amherst (May 2003) ; Honorary Doctor of Laws degree and Commencement Speaker, Harvard University (June 2003) ; Gold Insigne, The Americas Society (October, 2003) ; the Berkeley Medal, UC Berkeley’s highest honor (February 2004) ; and the Sustainable Development Leadership Award presented by The Energy Resources Institute (TERI), India (February 2006). He has been awarded decorations from the Governments of 32 countries.

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- Lionel ZINSOU
General Partner of Rothschild Retour vers le haut de la page

Lionel Zinsou, 52, is a General Partner of Rothschild in Paris, Head of the Africa-Middle East region and Head of the Consumer Products practice for the Rothschild Group. Lionel, a professor of economics by background, has been trained in economics and economic history in the École Normale Superieure, the IEP (Paris) and the London School of Economics.

He has served in the French Prime Minister’s Office as Assistant Private Secretary (1984-1986), Mr Laurent Fabius, and has spent eleven years (1986-1997) within Danone as Financial Controller, Group Corporate Development Director, Managing Director of H.P. and Lea and Perrins, Chief Executive Officer of the Pasta and Ready Meals division and member of the Executive Committee.

A citizen of Benin, Lionel Zinsou is Special Advisor to the President of the Republic of Benin.

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